[av_submenu which_menu='' menu='10' position='center' color='main_color' mobile='disabled' mobile_switch='av-switch-768' alb_description='' id='' custom_class='couleurjaune' template_class='' av_uid='av-6pjrx' sc_version='1.0'] [av_submenu_item title='Menu Item 1' link='' linktarget='no' button_style='' av_uid='av-6dk29' sc_version='1.0'] [av_submenu_item title='Menu Item 2' link='' linktarget='no' button_style='' av_uid='av-5ouh9' sc_version='1.0'] [/av_submenu] [av_section min_height='' min_height_pc='25' min_height_px='500px' padding='small' margin='aviaTBmargin' custom_margin='0px' custom_margin_sync='true' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' color='main_color' background='bg_color' custom_bg='#7c014d' background_gradient_direction='vertical_rev' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' attachment='' attachment_size='' attach='scroll' position='top left' repeat='no-repeat' video='' video_ratio='16:9' overlay_opacity='0.5' overlay_color='' overlay_pattern='' overlay_custom_pattern='' shadow='no-border-styling' bottom_border='no-border-styling' bottom_border_diagonal_color='#333333' bottom_border_diagonal_direction='' bottom_border_style='' custom_arrow_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_element_hidden_in_editor='0' av_uid='av-58gl5' sc_version='1.0'] [av_heading heading='Rechercher dans la Base documentaire...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-2jc9y9' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [avia_sc_search placeholder='' label_text='' icon_display='button' icon='ue803' font='entypo-fontello' post_types='custom' post_types_custom='post,basedocumentaire' numberposts='5' display='classic' ajax_location='form' ajax_container='#my_container' results_hide_titles='aviaTBresults_hide_titles' results_hide_image='aviaTBresults_hide_image' custom_input_size='' custom_button_size='' custom_height='' radius='' radius_sync='true' border_width='' border_color='' custom_border_color='' input_color='custom' custom_input_color='#000000' input_bg='custom' custom_input_bg='#ffffff' button_color='' custom_button_color='' button_bg='' custom_button_bg='' results_padding='' results_padding_sync='true' results_margin='' results_margin_sync='true' results_color='' custom_results_color='' custom_results_content='' custom_results_icon='' results_bg='' custom_results_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nq46w' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_heading heading='La Base documentaire par listes...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3oiftu' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [av_button label='Thématiques' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7860' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nh5us' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Auteurs' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7937' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3rz3j1' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Assises annuelles' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8427' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kyyd9o2g' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='La Lettre' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8535' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kz4ggjuw' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Les Cahiers' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8547' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kz4gov0p' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Les rapports d’activité' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8555' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kz4gyg6i' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [/av_section]


Sol et Civilisation, des lieux de réflexion à la fois sociologique, économique et politique

1996



Dans cet éditorial, l’auteur expose les fondements qui le conduisent à proposer de faire de l’association Sol et Civilisation un espace d’interrogation, de réflexion et de débat sur les équilibres d’une société française en crise. En crise au sein du monde rural. En crise au sein du monde urbain. En crise dans la rupture du dialogue et de la connaissance entre les milieux urbains et ruraux…




La société française, comme beaucoup de sociétés industrialisées, vit sous le signe d’une triple rupture : rupture interne du milieu rural avec des zones équilibrées économiquement et socialement et d’autres, nombreuses, en voie de dépérissement, rupture interne du milieu urbain matérialisée par l’éclatement entre les centres-villes et les banlieues qui deviennent souvent des ghettos d’exclusion, et rupture du dialogue et de la connaissance entre milieux ruraux et milieux urbains.

Pour redonner chance à la société française, il faut une forte volonté de rééquilibrage pour effacer ces trois ruptures et favoriser une harmonie entre tous les territoires et entre tous les hommes. Cessons de penser qu’il y a opposition entre les milieux ruraux et les milieux urbains. Chacun a sa mission. Le territoire est un tout et c’est en tant que tel que nous devons réapprendre à le gérer. Milieux ruraux et milieux urbains doivent se nourrir les uns des autres, par un dialogue constructif. Nous devons à tout prix empêcher la disparation du dialogue économique et culturel entre ces deux pans de notre territoire.

La France a la chance d’avoir, contrairement à beaucoup d’autres pays européens, un immense espace rural. Il est absurde de vouloir concentrer les activités et les hommes sur quelques super-métropoles qui coûtent des sommes colossales en infrastructures diverses, sans compter les inconvénients multiples sur le plan humain, social et culturel.

L’avenir de la société dépend de la participation de chacun et de tous à son élaboration. Chacun doit avoir sa place dans le débat. Nous devons trouver les moyens pour que l’expression des hommes, de leurs volontés refasse surface. La place de l’homme, de sa responsabilité, de son rôle social et convivial doit revenir au centre du débat.

C’est sur ces bases qu’une réflexion de fond à la fois sociologique, économique et politique est engagée au sein de l’association Sol et Civilisation depuis 4 ans. Des groupes de réflexion réunissent des personnes de différents horizons socioprofessionnels, de tous bords politiques, urbains et ruraux. Leur objectif est de redonner à l’homme sa place dans nos sociétés. Leurs propositions sont réalistes puisque passées au crible de la réalité, des expérimenterons de terrain.

Sol et Civilisation s’est également fixé comme objet d’interroger l’opinion publique, les socioprofessionnels et les décideurs politiques. Je forme le voeu que cette lettre de Sol et Civilisation dont voici le premier numéro, soit le lieu de cette interrogation, mais aussi un lieu de débat. Aussi, nous vous engageons à nous faire part de vos réactions, de vos idées, de vos expériences.

[av_section min_height='' min_height_pc='25' min_height_px='500px' padding='small' margin='aviaTBmargin' custom_margin='0px' custom_margin_sync='true' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' color='main_color' background='bg_color' custom_bg='#7c014d' background_gradient_direction='vertical_rev' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' attachment='' attachment_size='' attach='scroll' position='top left' repeat='no-repeat' video='' video_ratio='16:9' overlay_opacity='0.5' overlay_color='' overlay_pattern='' overlay_custom_pattern='' shadow='no-border-styling' bottom_border='no-border-styling' bottom_border_diagonal_color='#333333' bottom_border_diagonal_direction='' bottom_border_style='' custom_arrow_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_element_hidden_in_editor='0' av_uid='av-58gl5' sc_version='1.0'] [av_masonry_entries link='thematique' wc_prod_visible='' wc_prod_hidden='hide' wc_prod_featured='' prod_order_by='' prod_order='' date_filter='' date_filter_start='' date_filter_end='' date_filter_format='yy/mm/dd' period_filter_unit_1='1' period_filter_unit_2='year' sort='no' query_orderby='rand' query_order='DESC' caption_elements='title' caption_styling='' caption_display='always' size='fixed' orientation='' image_size='masonry' gap='large' columns='4' av-medium-columns='' av-small-columns='' av-mini-columns='' items='4' paginate='none' color='' custom_bg='' overlay_fx='active' animation='active' img_scrset='' lazy_loading='disabled' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3p36ov' sc_version='1.0'] [av_one_full first min_height='' vertical_alignment='av-align-top' space='' row_boxshadow_color='' row_boxshadow_width='10' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' mobile_breaking='av-break-at-tablet' mobile_column_order='' min_col_height='' padding='' padding_sync='true' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' border='' border_style='solid' border_color='' radius='' radius_sync='true' column_boxshadow_color='' column_boxshadow_width='10' background='bg_color' background_color='' background_gradient_direction='vertical_rev' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' attachment='' attachment_size='' background_position='top left' background_repeat='no-repeat' highlight_size='1.1' animation='' link='' linktarget='' link_hover='' title_attr='' alt_attr='' mobile_display='' mobile_col_pos='0' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_uid='av-3s6uy9' sc_version='1.0'] [av_heading heading='Rechercher dans la Base documentaire...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-2jc9y9' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [avia_sc_search placeholder='' label_text='' icon_display='button' icon='ue803' font='entypo-fontello' post_types='custom' post_types_custom='basedocumentaire' numberposts='5' display='classic' ajax_location='form' ajax_container='#my_container' results_hide_titles='aviaTBresults_hide_titles' results_hide_image='aviaTBresults_hide_image' custom_input_size='' custom_button_size='' custom_height='' radius='' radius_sync='true' border_width='' border_color='' custom_border_color='' input_color='custom' custom_input_color='#000000' input_bg='custom' custom_input_bg='#ffffff' button_color='' custom_button_color='' button_bg='' custom_button_bg='' results_padding='' results_padding_sync='true' results_margin='' results_margin_sync='true' results_color='' custom_results_color='' custom_results_content='' custom_results_icon='' results_bg='' custom_results_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nq46w' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [/av_one_full][av_one_full first min_height='' vertical_alignment='av-align-top' space='' row_boxshadow='' row_boxshadow_color='' row_boxshadow_width='10' custom_margin='' margin='0px' mobile_breaking='' mobile_column_order='' min_col_height='' padding='' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_flip='' svg_div_top_invert='' svg_div_top_front='' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_top_preview='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_flip='' svg_div_bottom_invert='' svg_div_bottom_front='' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' svg_div_bottom_preview='' border='' border_style='solid' border_color='' radius='' column_boxshadow='' column_boxshadow_color='' column_boxshadow_width='10' background='bg_color' background_color='' background_gradient_direction='vertical' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' background_position='top left' background_repeat='no-repeat' highlight='' highlight_size='' animation='' link='' linktarget='' link_hover='' title_attr='' alt_attr='' mobile_display='' mobile_col_pos='0' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_uid='av-369w69' sc_version='1.0'] [av_heading heading='La Base documentaire par listes...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3oiftu' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [av_button label='Thématiques' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7860' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nh5us' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Auteurs' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7937' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='theme-color-highlight' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='white' btn_custom_font_hover='#ffffff' border='' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='' box_shadow_style='0px,0px,0px,0px' box_shadow_color='' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nhirv' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [/av_one_full][/av_section]
[av_submenu which_menu='' menu='10' position='center' color='main_color' mobile='disabled' mobile_switch='av-switch-768' alb_description='' id='' custom_class='couleurjaune' template_class='' av_uid='av-6pjrx' sc_version='1.0'] [av_submenu_item title='Menu Item 1' link='' linktarget='no' button_style='' av_uid='av-6dk29' sc_version='1.0'] [av_submenu_item title='Menu Item 2' link='' linktarget='no' button_style='' av_uid='av-5ouh9' sc_version='1.0'] [/av_submenu] [av_section min_height='' min_height_pc='25' min_height_px='500px' padding='small' margin='aviaTBmargin' custom_margin='0px' custom_margin_sync='true' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' color='main_color' background='bg_color' custom_bg='#7c014d' background_gradient_direction='vertical_rev' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' attachment='' attachment_size='' attach='scroll' position='top left' repeat='no-repeat' video='' video_ratio='16:9' overlay_opacity='0.5' overlay_color='' overlay_pattern='' overlay_custom_pattern='' shadow='no-border-styling' bottom_border='no-border-styling' bottom_border_diagonal_color='#333333' bottom_border_diagonal_direction='' bottom_border_style='' custom_arrow_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_element_hidden_in_editor='0' av_uid='av-58gl5' sc_version='1.0'] [av_heading heading='Rechercher dans la Base documentaire...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-2jc9y9' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [avia_sc_search placeholder='' label_text='' icon_display='button' icon='ue803' font='entypo-fontello' post_types='custom' post_types_custom='post,basedocumentaire' numberposts='5' display='classic' ajax_location='form' ajax_container='#my_container' results_hide_titles='aviaTBresults_hide_titles' results_hide_image='aviaTBresults_hide_image' custom_input_size='' custom_button_size='' custom_height='' radius='' radius_sync='true' border_width='' border_color='' custom_border_color='' input_color='custom' custom_input_color='#000000' input_bg='custom' custom_input_bg='#ffffff' button_color='' custom_button_color='' button_bg='' custom_button_bg='' results_padding='' results_padding_sync='true' results_margin='' results_margin_sync='true' results_color='' custom_results_color='' custom_results_content='' custom_results_icon='' results_bg='' custom_results_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nq46w' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_heading heading='La Base documentaire par listes...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3oiftu' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [av_button label='Thématiques' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7860' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nh5us' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Auteurs' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7937' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3rz3j1' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Assises annuelles' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8427' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kyyd9o2g' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='La Lettre' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8535' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kz4ggjuw' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Les Cahiers' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8547' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kz4gov0p' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Les rapports d’activité' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8555' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kz4gyg6i' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [/av_section]


Discours du Dimanche des Terres de France

1991



Dans ce discours de clôture du Dimanche des Terres de France, l’auteur expose les fondements de la vision qu’il souhaite porter à travers la promotion du développement des territoires ruraux, en particulier en créant par la suite l’association Sol et Civilisation.




Aujourd’hui toute la France rurale s’est mise en marche !

Nous avons gagné notre pari !

Artisans, commerçants, salariés, professions libérales, agriculteurs, vous avez quitté vos ateliers, vos magasins, vos fermes, vous avez répondu massivement à notre appel.

Vous êtes venus à la rencontre de la population parisienne pour lui dire que la France rurale veut vivre, que ses hommes et ses valeurs sont indispensables à l’équilibre économique et social de la France. Vous avez expliqué aux citadins que cette nature harmonieuse et accueillante dont ils ont de plus en plus besoin n’est pas un don du ciel, mais le fruit du labeur quotidien des hommes. Vous avez ébranlé les murailles du mépris et de l’indifférence qui laissent mourir nos entreprises et dépérir des zones entières de notre pays. Vous êtes venus à ce rendez-vous historique des Terres de France : grâce à vous le grain de l’espérance a pu être semé !

Le monde rural veut vivre !

[av_section min_height='' min_height_pc='25' min_height_px='500px' padding='small' margin='aviaTBmargin' custom_margin='0px' custom_margin_sync='true' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' color='main_color' background='bg_color' custom_bg='#7c014d' background_gradient_direction='vertical_rev' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' attachment='' attachment_size='' attach='scroll' position='top left' repeat='no-repeat' video='' video_ratio='16:9' overlay_opacity='0.5' overlay_color='' overlay_pattern='' overlay_custom_pattern='' shadow='no-border-styling' bottom_border='no-border-styling' bottom_border_diagonal_color='#333333' bottom_border_diagonal_direction='' bottom_border_style='' custom_arrow_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_element_hidden_in_editor='0' av_uid='av-58gl5' sc_version='1.0'] [av_masonry_entries link='thematique' wc_prod_visible='' wc_prod_hidden='hide' wc_prod_featured='' prod_order_by='' prod_order='' date_filter='' date_filter_start='' date_filter_end='' date_filter_format='yy/mm/dd' period_filter_unit_1='1' period_filter_unit_2='year' sort='no' query_orderby='rand' query_order='DESC' caption_elements='title' caption_styling='' caption_display='always' size='fixed' orientation='' image_size='masonry' gap='large' columns='4' av-medium-columns='' av-small-columns='' av-mini-columns='' items='4' paginate='none' color='' custom_bg='' overlay_fx='active' animation='active' img_scrset='' lazy_loading='disabled' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3p36ov' sc_version='1.0'] [av_one_full first min_height='' vertical_alignment='av-align-top' space='' row_boxshadow_color='' row_boxshadow_width='10' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' mobile_breaking='av-break-at-tablet' mobile_column_order='' min_col_height='' padding='' padding_sync='true' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' border='' border_style='solid' border_color='' radius='' radius_sync='true' column_boxshadow_color='' column_boxshadow_width='10' background='bg_color' background_color='' background_gradient_direction='vertical_rev' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' attachment='' attachment_size='' background_position='top left' background_repeat='no-repeat' highlight_size='1.1' animation='' link='' linktarget='' link_hover='' title_attr='' alt_attr='' mobile_display='' mobile_col_pos='0' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_uid='av-3s6uy9' sc_version='1.0'] [av_heading heading='Rechercher dans la Base documentaire...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-2jc9y9' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [avia_sc_search placeholder='' label_text='' icon_display='button' icon='ue803' font='entypo-fontello' post_types='custom' post_types_custom='basedocumentaire' numberposts='5' display='classic' ajax_location='form' ajax_container='#my_container' results_hide_titles='aviaTBresults_hide_titles' results_hide_image='aviaTBresults_hide_image' custom_input_size='' custom_button_size='' custom_height='' radius='' radius_sync='true' border_width='' border_color='' custom_border_color='' input_color='custom' custom_input_color='#000000' input_bg='custom' custom_input_bg='#ffffff' button_color='' custom_button_color='' button_bg='' custom_button_bg='' results_padding='' results_padding_sync='true' results_margin='' results_margin_sync='true' results_color='' custom_results_color='' custom_results_content='' custom_results_icon='' results_bg='' custom_results_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nq46w' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [/av_one_full][av_one_full first min_height='' vertical_alignment='av-align-top' space='' row_boxshadow='' row_boxshadow_color='' row_boxshadow_width='10' custom_margin='' margin='0px' mobile_breaking='' mobile_column_order='' min_col_height='' padding='' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_flip='' svg_div_top_invert='' svg_div_top_front='' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_top_preview='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_flip='' svg_div_bottom_invert='' svg_div_bottom_front='' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' svg_div_bottom_preview='' border='' border_style='solid' border_color='' radius='' column_boxshadow='' column_boxshadow_color='' column_boxshadow_width='10' background='bg_color' background_color='' background_gradient_direction='vertical' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' background_position='top left' background_repeat='no-repeat' highlight='' highlight_size='' animation='' link='' linktarget='' link_hover='' title_attr='' alt_attr='' mobile_display='' mobile_col_pos='0' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_uid='av-369w69' sc_version='1.0'] [av_heading heading='La Base documentaire par listes...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3oiftu' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [av_button label='Thématiques' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7860' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nh5us' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Auteurs' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7937' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='theme-color-highlight' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='white' btn_custom_font_hover='#ffffff' border='' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='' box_shadow_style='0px,0px,0px,0px' box_shadow_color='' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nhirv' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [/av_one_full][/av_section]
[av_submenu which_menu='' menu='10' position='center' color='main_color' mobile='disabled' mobile_switch='av-switch-768' alb_description='' id='' custom_class='couleurjaune' template_class='' av_uid='av-6pjrx' sc_version='1.0'] [av_submenu_item title='Menu Item 1' link='' linktarget='no' button_style='' av_uid='av-6dk29' sc_version='1.0'] [av_submenu_item title='Menu Item 2' link='' linktarget='no' button_style='' av_uid='av-5ouh9' sc_version='1.0'] [/av_submenu] [av_section min_height='' min_height_pc='25' min_height_px='500px' padding='small' margin='aviaTBmargin' custom_margin='0px' custom_margin_sync='true' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' color='main_color' background='bg_color' custom_bg='#7c014d' background_gradient_direction='vertical_rev' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' attachment='' attachment_size='' attach='scroll' position='top left' repeat='no-repeat' video='' video_ratio='16:9' overlay_opacity='0.5' overlay_color='' overlay_pattern='' overlay_custom_pattern='' shadow='no-border-styling' bottom_border='no-border-styling' bottom_border_diagonal_color='#333333' bottom_border_diagonal_direction='' bottom_border_style='' custom_arrow_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_element_hidden_in_editor='0' av_uid='av-58gl5' sc_version='1.0'] [av_heading heading='Rechercher dans la Base documentaire...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-2jc9y9' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [avia_sc_search placeholder='' label_text='' icon_display='button' icon='ue803' font='entypo-fontello' post_types='custom' post_types_custom='post,basedocumentaire' numberposts='5' display='classic' ajax_location='form' ajax_container='#my_container' results_hide_titles='aviaTBresults_hide_titles' results_hide_image='aviaTBresults_hide_image' custom_input_size='' custom_button_size='' custom_height='' radius='' radius_sync='true' border_width='' border_color='' custom_border_color='' input_color='custom' custom_input_color='#000000' input_bg='custom' custom_input_bg='#ffffff' button_color='' custom_button_color='' button_bg='' custom_button_bg='' results_padding='' results_padding_sync='true' results_margin='' results_margin_sync='true' results_color='' custom_results_color='' custom_results_content='' custom_results_icon='' results_bg='' custom_results_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nq46w' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_heading heading='La Base documentaire par listes...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3oiftu' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [av_button label='Thématiques' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7860' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nh5us' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Auteurs' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7937' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3rz3j1' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Assises annuelles' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8427' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kyyd9o2g' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='La Lettre' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8535' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kz4ggjuw' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Les Cahiers' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8547' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kz4gov0p' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Les rapports d’activité' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8555' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kz4gyg6i' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [/av_section]


Politiques territoriales et complémentarités des villes et campagnes

1998



Dans cet éditorial, l’auteur rappelle son souhait de voir les acteurs ruraux pleinement acteurs du développement rural et des complémentarités entre villes et campagnes. Une vision peu compatible avec l’approche urbaine de l’aménagement du territoire, qui guide l’évolution des politiques publiques.




Notre pays a bien du mal à retrouver le sens et les bases fondamentales d’une vraie politique d’aménagement de son territoire. Après la récente loi « Pasqua » de 1995 qui avait suscité un large débat sur tout le territoire, le nouveau gouvernement veut aussi sa loi sur « le développement durable du territoire ».

L’axe central des propos de Madame Voynet dans les premiers textes en préparation met l’urbain, la ville, au centre, comme moteur de la gestion du territoire. « C’est par la ville qu’on féconde les espaces ruraux ». Cette orientation de départ doit être revue sur le fond. Les grandes agglomérations sont en panne, les difficultés et les tensions s’y accumulent. Elles ne sont plus forcément la modernité d’hier mais plutôt le repoussoir pour beaucoup. Les grandes villes implosent sous les coups d’une surconcentration anarchique. Certains espaces ruraux souffrent d’anémie, les villes d’obésité. Combien de temps une tête qui ne cesse d’enfler peut-elle survivre à un corps atrophié ? Il faut donc corriger ce qui devient insupportable. Il faut revenir à l’essentiel, aux fondements. Comment réanimer, se réapproprier, irriguer l’ensemble du sol national ? Comment créer les conditions d’une répartition harmonieuse des hommes et des activités sur tout notre territoire ?

Une de nos chances françaises, c’est bien nos espaces, encore ouverts, entretenus et équipés par nos paysans, nos ruraux et nos élus locaux. Ils n’ont pas vocation à devenir des réserves naturelles ! Le débat véritable à ouvrir n’est pas de raisonner à partir de la ville ou de la campagne, d’opposer l’une à l’autre, mais au contraire de mettre en réseau les complémentarités, les richesses qui peuvent fleurir, dans une harmonie nouvelle du rural à la ville, de la ville à la campagne. Comment tous nos terroirs peuvent-ils se féconder, s’enrichir les uns les autres par des rapports fructueux entre ruraux et urbains ?

Pour cela l’engagement des populations locales et le respect de leur champ de responsabilité sont essentiels. Par le développement local territorial on multiplie les initiatives, on responsabilise les bonnes volontés, on dynamise la création d’activités et d’entreprises diverses. Cette démarche ascendante est essentielle ; elle doit être relayée et confortée par une volonté nationale et européenne des pouvoirs publics et des organisations nationales multiples pour favoriser et améliorer ce redéploiement sur l’ensemble du territoire. Pas de développement local durable sans volonté nationale et européenne qui organise les solidarités, donne un sens à cette prise de conscience commune entre « les gens d’en bas » et « les gens d’en haut ». C’est bien cela la démocratie : favoriser et encourager ce jeu complexe d’acteurs qui joignent leurs efforts pour permettre le bien commun général.

Ce numéro de notre lettre vous présente une expérience de terrain qui témoigne, sur un thème d’actualité, l’emploi, de la puissance créative des acteurs locaux dès lors qu’ils se retrouvent et élaborent par eux-mêmes des solutions à leurs problèmes communs.

Nos assises nationales du 24 septembre prochain, annoncées aussi par ces feuilles, permettront une confrontation sur ces thèmes. Plus que jamais la nécessité d’une mobilisation générale pour se réapproprier tout notre territoire s’impose à tous. Ne partons pas dans une mauvaise direction.

[av_section min_height='' min_height_pc='25' min_height_px='500px' padding='small' margin='aviaTBmargin' custom_margin='0px' custom_margin_sync='true' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' color='main_color' background='bg_color' custom_bg='#7c014d' background_gradient_direction='vertical_rev' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' attachment='' attachment_size='' attach='scroll' position='top left' repeat='no-repeat' video='' video_ratio='16:9' overlay_opacity='0.5' overlay_color='' overlay_pattern='' overlay_custom_pattern='' shadow='no-border-styling' bottom_border='no-border-styling' bottom_border_diagonal_color='#333333' bottom_border_diagonal_direction='' bottom_border_style='' custom_arrow_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_element_hidden_in_editor='0' av_uid='av-58gl5' sc_version='1.0'] [av_masonry_entries link='thematique' wc_prod_visible='' wc_prod_hidden='hide' wc_prod_featured='' prod_order_by='' prod_order='' date_filter='' date_filter_start='' date_filter_end='' date_filter_format='yy/mm/dd' period_filter_unit_1='1' period_filter_unit_2='year' sort='no' query_orderby='rand' query_order='DESC' caption_elements='title' caption_styling='' caption_display='always' size='fixed' orientation='' image_size='masonry' gap='large' columns='4' av-medium-columns='' av-small-columns='' av-mini-columns='' items='4' paginate='none' color='' custom_bg='' overlay_fx='active' animation='active' img_scrset='' lazy_loading='disabled' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3p36ov' sc_version='1.0'] [av_one_full first min_height='' vertical_alignment='av-align-top' space='' row_boxshadow_color='' row_boxshadow_width='10' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' mobile_breaking='av-break-at-tablet' mobile_column_order='' min_col_height='' padding='' padding_sync='true' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' border='' border_style='solid' border_color='' radius='' radius_sync='true' column_boxshadow_color='' column_boxshadow_width='10' background='bg_color' background_color='' background_gradient_direction='vertical_rev' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' attachment='' attachment_size='' background_position='top left' background_repeat='no-repeat' highlight_size='1.1' animation='' link='' linktarget='' link_hover='' title_attr='' alt_attr='' mobile_display='' mobile_col_pos='0' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_uid='av-3s6uy9' sc_version='1.0'] [av_heading heading='Rechercher dans la Base documentaire...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-2jc9y9' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [avia_sc_search placeholder='' label_text='' icon_display='button' icon='ue803' font='entypo-fontello' post_types='custom' post_types_custom='basedocumentaire' numberposts='5' display='classic' ajax_location='form' ajax_container='#my_container' results_hide_titles='aviaTBresults_hide_titles' results_hide_image='aviaTBresults_hide_image' custom_input_size='' custom_button_size='' custom_height='' radius='' radius_sync='true' border_width='' border_color='' custom_border_color='' input_color='custom' custom_input_color='#000000' input_bg='custom' custom_input_bg='#ffffff' button_color='' custom_button_color='' button_bg='' custom_button_bg='' results_padding='' results_padding_sync='true' results_margin='' results_margin_sync='true' results_color='' custom_results_color='' custom_results_content='' custom_results_icon='' results_bg='' custom_results_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nq46w' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [/av_one_full][av_one_full first min_height='' vertical_alignment='av-align-top' space='' row_boxshadow='' row_boxshadow_color='' row_boxshadow_width='10' custom_margin='' margin='0px' mobile_breaking='' mobile_column_order='' min_col_height='' padding='' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_flip='' svg_div_top_invert='' svg_div_top_front='' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_top_preview='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_flip='' svg_div_bottom_invert='' svg_div_bottom_front='' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' svg_div_bottom_preview='' border='' border_style='solid' border_color='' radius='' column_boxshadow='' column_boxshadow_color='' column_boxshadow_width='10' background='bg_color' background_color='' background_gradient_direction='vertical' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' background_position='top left' background_repeat='no-repeat' highlight='' highlight_size='' animation='' link='' linktarget='' link_hover='' title_attr='' alt_attr='' mobile_display='' mobile_col_pos='0' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_uid='av-369w69' sc_version='1.0'] [av_heading heading='La Base documentaire par listes...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3oiftu' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [av_button label='Thématiques' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7860' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nh5us' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Auteurs' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7937' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='theme-color-highlight' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='white' btn_custom_font_hover='#ffffff' border='' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='' box_shadow_style='0px,0px,0px,0px' box_shadow_color='' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nhirv' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [/av_one_full][/av_section]
[av_submenu which_menu='' menu='10' position='center' color='main_color' mobile='disabled' mobile_switch='av-switch-768' alb_description='' id='' custom_class='couleurjaune' template_class='' av_uid='av-6pjrx' sc_version='1.0'] [av_submenu_item title='Menu Item 1' link='' linktarget='no' button_style='' av_uid='av-6dk29' sc_version='1.0'] [av_submenu_item title='Menu Item 2' link='' linktarget='no' button_style='' av_uid='av-5ouh9' sc_version='1.0'] [/av_submenu] [av_section min_height='' min_height_pc='25' min_height_px='500px' padding='small' margin='aviaTBmargin' custom_margin='0px' custom_margin_sync='true' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' color='main_color' background='bg_color' custom_bg='#7c014d' background_gradient_direction='vertical_rev' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' attachment='' attachment_size='' attach='scroll' position='top left' repeat='no-repeat' video='' video_ratio='16:9' overlay_opacity='0.5' overlay_color='' overlay_pattern='' overlay_custom_pattern='' shadow='no-border-styling' bottom_border='no-border-styling' bottom_border_diagonal_color='#333333' bottom_border_diagonal_direction='' bottom_border_style='' custom_arrow_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_element_hidden_in_editor='0' av_uid='av-58gl5' sc_version='1.0'] [av_heading heading='Rechercher dans la Base documentaire...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-2jc9y9' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [avia_sc_search placeholder='' label_text='' icon_display='button' icon='ue803' font='entypo-fontello' post_types='custom' post_types_custom='post,basedocumentaire' numberposts='5' display='classic' ajax_location='form' ajax_container='#my_container' results_hide_titles='aviaTBresults_hide_titles' results_hide_image='aviaTBresults_hide_image' custom_input_size='' custom_button_size='' custom_height='' radius='' radius_sync='true' border_width='' border_color='' custom_border_color='' input_color='custom' custom_input_color='#000000' input_bg='custom' custom_input_bg='#ffffff' button_color='' custom_button_color='' button_bg='' custom_button_bg='' results_padding='' results_padding_sync='true' results_margin='' results_margin_sync='true' results_color='' custom_results_color='' custom_results_content='' custom_results_icon='' results_bg='' custom_results_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nq46w' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_heading heading='La Base documentaire par listes...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3oiftu' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [av_button label='Thématiques' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7860' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nh5us' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Auteurs' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7937' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3rz3j1' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Assises annuelles' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8427' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kyyd9o2g' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='La Lettre' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8535' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kz4ggjuw' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Les Cahiers' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8547' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kz4gov0p' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Les rapports d’activité' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8555' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kz4gyg6i' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [/av_section]


La filière Comté : au service des hommes qui en vivent

2000



Dans cet article, l’auteur présente l’expérience de la filière Comté et explique comment l’organisation des acteurs locaux favorise tout à la fois la sécurité économique de la filière, une démarche qualité vis à vis des productions, mais aussi une prise en compte plus fine de l’environnement et des demandes du consommateur.




La zone de production du Comté se situe à cheval sur les départements du Doubs et du Jura. Cette production se caractérise par le grand nombre de coopératives de fabrication, les fruitières, et par l’organisation ascendante de la filière.

En Comté, depuis longtemps, producteurs et affineurs ont réfléchi et jugé utile de s’organiser pour gérer au mieux un produit qui se vendait, et qui se vend toujours, bien. On impose souvent aux producteurs des mesures depuis Paris ou Bruxelles. Ici, c’est le terrain qui a alerté le national, en demandant qu’une interprofession soit créée pour défendre les intérêts d’un produit et des hommes qui en vivent. Le CIGC (Comité Interprofessionnel du Gruyère de Comté) a ainsi vu le jour en 1963 à la demande des producteurs et des affineurs.

Les producteurs de lait à Comté élèvent uniquement des vaches de la race Montbéliarde. Les conditions de production du Comté sont précises. Elles sont inscrites dans une Charte. Une vache laitière doit disposer d’un hectare de pâtures. L’ensilage est interdit. Les vaches doivent être nourries à 80% avec du foin. Ces contraintes ont leur intérêt : elles nous permettent d’occuper le territoire et de conserver la typicité du produit dans son goût. Sans elles, la zone serait beaucoup moins peuplée et plus boisée qu’elle ne l’est aujourd’hui.

Une organisation ascendante

La filière est organisée de la base vers le haut. Les producteurs, les représentants des coopératives et les industriels ont naturellement un poids important dans la gestion du devenir de l’AOC.

Au sein du CIGC, plusieurs commissions fonctionnent. L’aspect économique n’arrive qu’en 3ème position. Car avant de parler économie, il faut faire valoir le produit et informer les producteurs des conséquences de tels ou tels schémas de production, de telle ou telle décision. On ne traite qu’ensuite les questions économiques et techniques. Bien que la production du Comté soit très réglementée, les techniques de production, comme les complémentations de l’alimentation des vaches laitières, évoluent. Le CIGC produit donc un courrier saisonnier dans lequel les consignes techniques et les évolutions de la Charte liées à des aléas de production sont décrites.

Certes les producteurs respectent le cahier des charges mis en place par le CIGC, validé par l’Etat. Mais l’autodiscipline provient d’abord du respect mutuel entre producteurs qui se côtoient au sein des fruitières. Le premier souci d’un producteur de lait à Comté qui trait ses vaches est de produire un fromage consommable, bon et qui reflète sa région.

Au sein de la fruitière, nous faisons ensemble la paie du lait à la fin de chaque mois, en fonction du résultat des ventes des produits. Celui qui, autour de la table, est responsable d’une dérive quelconque de la fabrication fromagère, est la cause même d’une baisse de revenu des autres adhérents de la fruitière. L’autodiscipline joue pleinement !

Des conséquences positives pour la région

Je suis producteur coopérant dans une fruitière avec 6 autres agriculteurs. Ensemble, nous employons un fromager et son épouse. Pour valoriser le sérum, la fruitière a une porcherie avec 500 porcs à l’engrais. Nous créons de l’emploi et occupons le territoire. Ce schéma de production est typique des 191 fruitières. Les conditions de production du lait à Comté permettent ainsi de faire vivre des communes de 200 ou 300 habitants, autour et avec leur agriculture. Beaucoup d’agriculteurs font partie des conseils municipaux. Dans mon canton, la mise en œuvre de l’assainissement rencontre des freins. Au sein de notre fruitière, nous avons pris les devants et avons décidé de créer une mini-station d’épuration pour traiter les eaux usées de notre fromagerie. Les habitations environnantes en bénéficient. Nous avons assuré la plus grande partie du financement, avec quelques aides départementales et régionales. Nous avons fait valoir notre capacité à innover, à respecter notre environnement et avons mis ceux qui ont des responsabilités politiques au pied du mur.

Autre conséquence : la race montbéliarde est aujourd’hui reconnue au niveau mondial. Une filière parallèle à celle du Comté s’est développée qui elle-même crée de l’emploi.

Des producteurs à l’écoute de leur environnement

Nous avons tous intérêt, quel que soit le secteur dans lequel nous évoluons, à prendre en compte l’univers dans lequel nous vivons, à essayer de respecter la demande et les engagements des uns et des autres. Une organisation comme celle de la filière Comté le permet. Je souhaiterais pouvoir rencontrer n’importe quel autre citoyen français et lui dire : « je produis un produit noble, j’apprécie le produit du voisin et je suis aussi rassuré que le consommateur. » La logique du Comté, c’est aussi celle-là. Le CIGC est actuellement en pleine réflexion sur l’utilisation de produits contenant des OGM dans les compléments d’alimentation des troupeaux. Les producteurs y participent largement.

Depuis quelques mois, beaucoup de débats portent sur le prix des produits achetés par les consommateurs. Nous, producteurs de Comté, sommes un peu préservés de ces questions. En effet, depuis toujours, notre produit se négocie et se vend entre acteurs locaux. Nous n’avons pas directement affaire à la grande distribution. Notre ambition est d’accompagner le produit le plus loin possible pour le faire valoir. Car en restant maîtres de nos outils de production, de transformation et de commercialisation, nous nous préservons d’un risque d’intégration par certaines chaînes de distribution. Ce risque est réel.

Si nous avons réussi à nous adapter aux quotas laitiers en 1984, c’est qu’au sein du CIGC, nous avions réfléchi et prévu cette évolution. De la même façon, nous essayons de devancer la mise aux normes des ateliers de fabrication. Nous avons ainsi su sauvegarder notre authenticité que nous espérons faire valoir encore longtemps.

[av_section min_height='' min_height_pc='25' min_height_px='500px' padding='small' margin='aviaTBmargin' custom_margin='0px' custom_margin_sync='true' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' color='main_color' background='bg_color' custom_bg='#7c014d' background_gradient_direction='vertical_rev' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' attachment='' attachment_size='' attach='scroll' position='top left' repeat='no-repeat' video='' video_ratio='16:9' overlay_opacity='0.5' overlay_color='' overlay_pattern='' overlay_custom_pattern='' shadow='no-border-styling' bottom_border='no-border-styling' bottom_border_diagonal_color='#333333' bottom_border_diagonal_direction='' bottom_border_style='' custom_arrow_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_element_hidden_in_editor='0' av_uid='av-58gl5' sc_version='1.0'] [av_masonry_entries link='thematique' wc_prod_visible='' wc_prod_hidden='hide' wc_prod_featured='' prod_order_by='' prod_order='' date_filter='' date_filter_start='' date_filter_end='' date_filter_format='yy/mm/dd' period_filter_unit_1='1' period_filter_unit_2='year' sort='no' query_orderby='rand' query_order='DESC' caption_elements='title' caption_styling='' caption_display='always' size='fixed' orientation='' image_size='masonry' gap='large' columns='4' av-medium-columns='' av-small-columns='' av-mini-columns='' items='4' paginate='none' color='' custom_bg='' overlay_fx='active' animation='active' img_scrset='' lazy_loading='disabled' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3p36ov' sc_version='1.0'] [av_one_full first min_height='' vertical_alignment='av-align-top' space='' row_boxshadow_color='' row_boxshadow_width='10' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' mobile_breaking='av-break-at-tablet' mobile_column_order='' min_col_height='' padding='' padding_sync='true' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' border='' border_style='solid' border_color='' radius='' radius_sync='true' column_boxshadow_color='' column_boxshadow_width='10' background='bg_color' background_color='' background_gradient_direction='vertical_rev' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' attachment='' attachment_size='' background_position='top left' background_repeat='no-repeat' highlight_size='1.1' animation='' link='' linktarget='' link_hover='' title_attr='' alt_attr='' mobile_display='' mobile_col_pos='0' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_uid='av-3s6uy9' sc_version='1.0'] [av_heading heading='Rechercher dans la Base documentaire...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-2jc9y9' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [avia_sc_search placeholder='' label_text='' icon_display='button' icon='ue803' font='entypo-fontello' post_types='custom' post_types_custom='basedocumentaire' numberposts='5' display='classic' ajax_location='form' ajax_container='#my_container' results_hide_titles='aviaTBresults_hide_titles' results_hide_image='aviaTBresults_hide_image' custom_input_size='' custom_button_size='' custom_height='' radius='' radius_sync='true' border_width='' border_color='' custom_border_color='' input_color='custom' custom_input_color='#000000' input_bg='custom' custom_input_bg='#ffffff' button_color='' custom_button_color='' button_bg='' custom_button_bg='' results_padding='' results_padding_sync='true' results_margin='' results_margin_sync='true' results_color='' custom_results_color='' custom_results_content='' custom_results_icon='' results_bg='' custom_results_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nq46w' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [/av_one_full][av_one_full first min_height='' vertical_alignment='av-align-top' space='' row_boxshadow='' row_boxshadow_color='' row_boxshadow_width='10' custom_margin='' margin='0px' mobile_breaking='' mobile_column_order='' min_col_height='' padding='' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_flip='' svg_div_top_invert='' svg_div_top_front='' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_top_preview='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_flip='' svg_div_bottom_invert='' svg_div_bottom_front='' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' svg_div_bottom_preview='' border='' border_style='solid' border_color='' radius='' column_boxshadow='' column_boxshadow_color='' column_boxshadow_width='10' background='bg_color' background_color='' background_gradient_direction='vertical' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' background_position='top left' background_repeat='no-repeat' highlight='' highlight_size='' animation='' link='' linktarget='' link_hover='' title_attr='' alt_attr='' mobile_display='' mobile_col_pos='0' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_uid='av-369w69' sc_version='1.0'] [av_heading heading='La Base documentaire par listes...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3oiftu' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [av_button label='Thématiques' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7860' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nh5us' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Auteurs' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7937' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='theme-color-highlight' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='white' btn_custom_font_hover='#ffffff' border='' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='' box_shadow_style='0px,0px,0px,0px' box_shadow_color='' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nhirv' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [/av_one_full][/av_section]
[av_submenu which_menu='' menu='10' position='center' color='main_color' mobile='disabled' mobile_switch='av-switch-768' alb_description='' id='' custom_class='couleurjaune' template_class='' av_uid='av-6pjrx' sc_version='1.0'] [av_submenu_item title='Menu Item 1' link='' linktarget='no' button_style='' av_uid='av-6dk29' sc_version='1.0'] [av_submenu_item title='Menu Item 2' link='' linktarget='no' button_style='' av_uid='av-5ouh9' sc_version='1.0'] [/av_submenu] [av_section min_height='' min_height_pc='25' min_height_px='500px' padding='small' margin='aviaTBmargin' custom_margin='0px' custom_margin_sync='true' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' color='main_color' background='bg_color' custom_bg='#7c014d' background_gradient_direction='vertical_rev' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' attachment='' attachment_size='' attach='scroll' position='top left' repeat='no-repeat' video='' video_ratio='16:9' overlay_opacity='0.5' overlay_color='' overlay_pattern='' overlay_custom_pattern='' shadow='no-border-styling' bottom_border='no-border-styling' bottom_border_diagonal_color='#333333' bottom_border_diagonal_direction='' bottom_border_style='' custom_arrow_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_element_hidden_in_editor='0' av_uid='av-58gl5' sc_version='1.0'] [av_heading heading='Rechercher dans la Base documentaire...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-2jc9y9' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [avia_sc_search placeholder='' label_text='' icon_display='button' icon='ue803' font='entypo-fontello' post_types='custom' post_types_custom='post,basedocumentaire' numberposts='5' display='classic' ajax_location='form' ajax_container='#my_container' results_hide_titles='aviaTBresults_hide_titles' results_hide_image='aviaTBresults_hide_image' custom_input_size='' custom_button_size='' custom_height='' radius='' radius_sync='true' border_width='' border_color='' custom_border_color='' input_color='custom' custom_input_color='#000000' input_bg='custom' custom_input_bg='#ffffff' button_color='' custom_button_color='' button_bg='' custom_button_bg='' results_padding='' results_padding_sync='true' results_margin='' results_margin_sync='true' results_color='' custom_results_color='' custom_results_content='' custom_results_icon='' results_bg='' custom_results_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nq46w' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_heading heading='La Base documentaire par listes...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3oiftu' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [av_button label='Thématiques' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7860' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nh5us' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Auteurs' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7937' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3rz3j1' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Assises annuelles' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8427' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kyyd9o2g' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='La Lettre' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8535' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kz4ggjuw' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Les Cahiers' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8547' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kz4gov0p' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Les rapports d’activité' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8555' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kz4gyg6i' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [/av_section]


Le libéralisme exacerbé actuel est-il compatible avec la vie des territoires ?

1997



Dans cet article, l’auteur rappelle les traits essentiels de la mutation de la société suscitée par la mondialisation et le progrès technique, afin d’éclairer trois options de société pour le futur. Il souligne ensuite quelques problèmes principaux à dépasser pour que libéralisme et vie des territoires se renforcent : relier le marché et les institutions, favoriser la construction européenne, revisiter le développement durable. D’où la possibilité d’appréhender le territoire avec un regard nouveau, c’est à dire comme un lieu de réconciliation, d’enracinement, de relation, d’équilibre et donc de vie.




Des Trente Glorieuses à la période dite de crise qui a suivi, les thèmes et les tendances sont restés les mêmes. Le thème de « Paris et le désert français » a perduré. Les tendances comme les migrations de la campagne vers la ville ou le vieillissement de la population rurale se sont maintenues. Les politiques d’aménagement du territoire étaient largement influencées par la fascination des grands réseaux de circulation des biens et des personnes et par l’objectif de la compétitivité.

Il est très difficile de discerner ce qui est immuable de ce qui est changeant dans la société. Mais ma conviction est que nous affrontons une grande mutation dont je rappellerai les traits essentiels pour présenter quelques options pour le futur. Enfin, puisqu’une transition doit s’opérer, j’aborderai la question suivante : dans quelle mesure l’intelligence et la puissance de l’homme, les intelligences collectives d’une nation ou d’un groupe de nations, peuvent-elles infléchir un modèle en train de se créer ?

[av_section min_height='' min_height_pc='25' min_height_px='500px' padding='small' margin='aviaTBmargin' custom_margin='0px' custom_margin_sync='true' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' color='main_color' background='bg_color' custom_bg='#7c014d' background_gradient_direction='vertical_rev' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' attachment='' attachment_size='' attach='scroll' position='top left' repeat='no-repeat' video='' video_ratio='16:9' overlay_opacity='0.5' overlay_color='' overlay_pattern='' overlay_custom_pattern='' shadow='no-border-styling' bottom_border='no-border-styling' bottom_border_diagonal_color='#333333' bottom_border_diagonal_direction='' bottom_border_style='' custom_arrow_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_element_hidden_in_editor='0' av_uid='av-58gl5' sc_version='1.0'] [av_masonry_entries link='thematique' wc_prod_visible='' wc_prod_hidden='hide' wc_prod_featured='' prod_order_by='' prod_order='' date_filter='' date_filter_start='' date_filter_end='' date_filter_format='yy/mm/dd' period_filter_unit_1='1' period_filter_unit_2='year' sort='no' query_orderby='rand' query_order='DESC' caption_elements='title' caption_styling='' caption_display='always' size='fixed' orientation='' image_size='masonry' gap='large' columns='4' av-medium-columns='' av-small-columns='' av-mini-columns='' items='4' paginate='none' color='' custom_bg='' overlay_fx='active' animation='active' img_scrset='' lazy_loading='disabled' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3p36ov' sc_version='1.0'] [av_one_full first min_height='' vertical_alignment='av-align-top' space='' row_boxshadow_color='' row_boxshadow_width='10' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' mobile_breaking='av-break-at-tablet' mobile_column_order='' min_col_height='' padding='' padding_sync='true' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' border='' border_style='solid' border_color='' radius='' radius_sync='true' column_boxshadow_color='' column_boxshadow_width='10' background='bg_color' background_color='' background_gradient_direction='vertical_rev' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' attachment='' attachment_size='' background_position='top left' background_repeat='no-repeat' highlight_size='1.1' animation='' link='' linktarget='' link_hover='' title_attr='' alt_attr='' mobile_display='' mobile_col_pos='0' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_uid='av-3s6uy9' sc_version='1.0'] [av_heading heading='Rechercher dans la Base documentaire...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-2jc9y9' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [avia_sc_search placeholder='' label_text='' icon_display='button' icon='ue803' font='entypo-fontello' post_types='custom' post_types_custom='basedocumentaire' numberposts='5' display='classic' ajax_location='form' ajax_container='#my_container' results_hide_titles='aviaTBresults_hide_titles' results_hide_image='aviaTBresults_hide_image' custom_input_size='' custom_button_size='' custom_height='' radius='' radius_sync='true' border_width='' border_color='' custom_border_color='' input_color='custom' custom_input_color='#000000' input_bg='custom' custom_input_bg='#ffffff' button_color='' custom_button_color='' button_bg='' custom_button_bg='' results_padding='' results_padding_sync='true' results_margin='' results_margin_sync='true' results_color='' custom_results_color='' custom_results_content='' custom_results_icon='' results_bg='' custom_results_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nq46w' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [/av_one_full][av_one_full first min_height='' vertical_alignment='av-align-top' space='' row_boxshadow='' row_boxshadow_color='' row_boxshadow_width='10' custom_margin='' margin='0px' mobile_breaking='' mobile_column_order='' min_col_height='' padding='' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_flip='' svg_div_top_invert='' svg_div_top_front='' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_top_preview='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_flip='' svg_div_bottom_invert='' svg_div_bottom_front='' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' svg_div_bottom_preview='' border='' border_style='solid' border_color='' radius='' column_boxshadow='' column_boxshadow_color='' column_boxshadow_width='10' background='bg_color' background_color='' background_gradient_direction='vertical' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' background_position='top left' background_repeat='no-repeat' highlight='' highlight_size='' animation='' link='' linktarget='' link_hover='' title_attr='' alt_attr='' mobile_display='' mobile_col_pos='0' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_uid='av-369w69' sc_version='1.0'] [av_heading heading='La Base documentaire par listes...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3oiftu' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [av_button label='Thématiques' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7860' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nh5us' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Auteurs' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7937' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='theme-color-highlight' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='white' btn_custom_font_hover='#ffffff' border='' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='' box_shadow_style='0px,0px,0px,0px' box_shadow_color='' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nhirv' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [/av_one_full][/av_section]