[av_submenu which_menu='' menu='10' position='center' color='main_color' mobile='disabled' mobile_switch='av-switch-768' alb_description='' id='' custom_class='couleurjaune' template_class='' av_uid='av-6pjrx' sc_version='1.0'] [av_submenu_item title='Menu Item 1' link='' linktarget='no' button_style='' av_uid='av-6dk29' sc_version='1.0'] [av_submenu_item title='Menu Item 2' link='' linktarget='no' button_style='' av_uid='av-5ouh9' sc_version='1.0'] [/av_submenu] [av_section min_height='' min_height_pc='25' min_height_px='500px' padding='small' margin='aviaTBmargin' custom_margin='0px' custom_margin_sync='true' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' color='main_color' background='bg_color' custom_bg='#7c014d' background_gradient_direction='vertical_rev' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' attachment='' attachment_size='' attach='scroll' position='top left' repeat='no-repeat' video='' video_ratio='16:9' overlay_opacity='0.5' overlay_color='' overlay_pattern='' overlay_custom_pattern='' shadow='no-border-styling' bottom_border='no-border-styling' bottom_border_diagonal_color='#333333' bottom_border_diagonal_direction='' bottom_border_style='' custom_arrow_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_element_hidden_in_editor='0' av_uid='av-58gl5' sc_version='1.0'] [av_heading heading='Rechercher dans la Base documentaire...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-2jc9y9' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [avia_sc_search placeholder='' label_text='' icon_display='button' icon='ue803' font='entypo-fontello' post_types='custom' post_types_custom='post,basedocumentaire' numberposts='5' display='classic' ajax_location='form' ajax_container='#my_container' results_hide_titles='aviaTBresults_hide_titles' results_hide_image='aviaTBresults_hide_image' custom_input_size='' custom_button_size='' custom_height='' radius='' radius_sync='true' border_width='' border_color='' custom_border_color='' input_color='custom' custom_input_color='#000000' input_bg='custom' custom_input_bg='#ffffff' button_color='' custom_button_color='' button_bg='' custom_button_bg='' results_padding='' results_padding_sync='true' results_margin='' results_margin_sync='true' results_color='' custom_results_color='' custom_results_content='' custom_results_icon='' results_bg='' custom_results_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nq46w' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_heading heading='La Base documentaire par listes...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3oiftu' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [av_button label='Thématiques' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7860' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nh5us' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Auteurs' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7937' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3rz3j1' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Assises annuelles' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8427' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kyyd9o2g' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='La Lettre' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8535' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kz4ggjuw' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Les Cahiers' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8547' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kz4gov0p' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Les rapports d’activité' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8555' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kz4gyg6i' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [/av_section]


La gestion des ressources humaines en milieu rural : l’exemple du Pays Couserans

2006



Dans cet article, l’auteur détaille une action menée par les élus locaux pour améliorer le développement socio-économique du territoire. La gestion prévisionnelle des emplois et des compétences s’y inscrit au travers de la recherche d’un développement local. L’expérience du Pays Couserans illustre l’enjeu que représente, à un moment donné et pour un territoire, la gestion des ressources humaines, ici dans le cadre d’une meilleure structuration des acteurs du territoire.




Petit bassin d’emploi pyrénéen, le Couserans occupe la partie occidentale du département de l’Ariège. Il est traversé par 18 vallées, dont celle du Salat. D’une superficie de 1700 km², il compte 29000 habitants (stabilité par apports migratoires), soit en moyenne 17 hab/km². Saint Girons, ville centre et carrefour du pays, compte environ 6300 habitants (recensement 1999 ; -14 % depuis 1982 au profit de son agglomération d’environ 12000 hab).

Le territoire se divise entre une zone de piémont à vocation agricole et résidentielle plutôt attractive au nord (300 – 600 mètres d’altitude) et une partie plus montagneuse au sud (jusqu’à 2800 mètres d’altitude), frontalière de l’Espagne, cul de sac mué par le tourisme saisonnier.

L’organisation administrative du territoire s’articule autour de 8 communautés de communes, (95 communes) réunies en Syndicat Mixte de pays.

En 1996 est créée une « Association de Développement du Couserans » (ADC), structure de coordination des procédures de « contrat de terroir » initiée par la Région. L’association est chargée, dès la fin 1998, de l’orientation vers la construction d’un pays Voynet, avant que soit envisagé ultérieurement, par l’échelon départemental, la création d’un parc naturel régional. Dans une démarche qui se veut aussi de « démocratie participative » et dans l’optique de la formation du « conseil de développement » du futur pays, les socioprofessionnels couserannais, les « forces vives locales », sont consultés, notamment pour le travail de réunion et de réflexion qui mènera à la rédaction de la « charte de pays ».

[av_section min_height='' min_height_pc='25' min_height_px='500px' padding='small' margin='aviaTBmargin' custom_margin='0px' custom_margin_sync='true' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' color='main_color' background='bg_color' custom_bg='#7c014d' background_gradient_direction='vertical_rev' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' attachment='' attachment_size='' attach='scroll' position='top left' repeat='no-repeat' video='' video_ratio='16:9' overlay_opacity='0.5' overlay_color='' overlay_pattern='' overlay_custom_pattern='' shadow='no-border-styling' bottom_border='no-border-styling' bottom_border_diagonal_color='#333333' bottom_border_diagonal_direction='' bottom_border_style='' custom_arrow_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_element_hidden_in_editor='0' av_uid='av-58gl5' sc_version='1.0'] [av_masonry_entries link='thematique' wc_prod_visible='' wc_prod_hidden='hide' wc_prod_featured='' prod_order_by='' prod_order='' date_filter='' date_filter_start='' date_filter_end='' date_filter_format='yy/mm/dd' period_filter_unit_1='1' period_filter_unit_2='year' sort='no' query_orderby='rand' query_order='DESC' caption_elements='title' caption_styling='' caption_display='always' size='fixed' orientation='' image_size='masonry' gap='large' columns='4' av-medium-columns='' av-small-columns='' av-mini-columns='' items='4' paginate='none' color='' custom_bg='' overlay_fx='active' animation='active' img_scrset='' lazy_loading='disabled' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3p36ov' sc_version='1.0'] [av_one_full first min_height='' vertical_alignment='av-align-top' space='' row_boxshadow_color='' row_boxshadow_width='10' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' mobile_breaking='av-break-at-tablet' mobile_column_order='' min_col_height='' padding='' padding_sync='true' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' border='' border_style='solid' border_color='' radius='' radius_sync='true' column_boxshadow_color='' column_boxshadow_width='10' background='bg_color' background_color='' background_gradient_direction='vertical_rev' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' attachment='' attachment_size='' background_position='top left' background_repeat='no-repeat' highlight_size='1.1' animation='' link='' linktarget='' link_hover='' title_attr='' alt_attr='' mobile_display='' mobile_col_pos='0' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_uid='av-3s6uy9' sc_version='1.0'] [av_heading heading='Rechercher dans la Base documentaire...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-2jc9y9' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [avia_sc_search placeholder='' label_text='' icon_display='button' icon='ue803' font='entypo-fontello' post_types='custom' post_types_custom='basedocumentaire' numberposts='5' display='classic' ajax_location='form' ajax_container='#my_container' results_hide_titles='aviaTBresults_hide_titles' results_hide_image='aviaTBresults_hide_image' custom_input_size='' custom_button_size='' custom_height='' radius='' radius_sync='true' border_width='' border_color='' custom_border_color='' input_color='custom' custom_input_color='#000000' input_bg='custom' custom_input_bg='#ffffff' button_color='' custom_button_color='' button_bg='' custom_button_bg='' results_padding='' results_padding_sync='true' results_margin='' results_margin_sync='true' results_color='' custom_results_color='' custom_results_content='' custom_results_icon='' results_bg='' custom_results_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nq46w' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [/av_one_full][av_one_full first min_height='' vertical_alignment='av-align-top' space='' row_boxshadow='' row_boxshadow_color='' row_boxshadow_width='10' custom_margin='' margin='0px' mobile_breaking='' mobile_column_order='' min_col_height='' padding='' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_flip='' svg_div_top_invert='' svg_div_top_front='' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_top_preview='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_flip='' svg_div_bottom_invert='' svg_div_bottom_front='' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' svg_div_bottom_preview='' border='' border_style='solid' border_color='' radius='' column_boxshadow='' column_boxshadow_color='' column_boxshadow_width='10' background='bg_color' background_color='' background_gradient_direction='vertical' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' background_position='top left' background_repeat='no-repeat' highlight='' highlight_size='' animation='' link='' linktarget='' link_hover='' title_attr='' alt_attr='' mobile_display='' mobile_col_pos='0' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_uid='av-369w69' sc_version='1.0'] [av_heading heading='La Base documentaire par listes...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3oiftu' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [av_button label='Thématiques' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7860' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nh5us' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Auteurs' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7937' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='theme-color-highlight' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='white' btn_custom_font_hover='#ffffff' border='' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='' box_shadow_style='0px,0px,0px,0px' box_shadow_color='' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nhirv' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [/av_one_full][/av_section]
[av_submenu which_menu='' menu='10' position='center' color='main_color' mobile='disabled' mobile_switch='av-switch-768' alb_description='' id='' custom_class='couleurjaune' template_class='' av_uid='av-6pjrx' sc_version='1.0'] [av_submenu_item title='Menu Item 1' link='' linktarget='no' button_style='' av_uid='av-6dk29' sc_version='1.0'] [av_submenu_item title='Menu Item 2' link='' linktarget='no' button_style='' av_uid='av-5ouh9' sc_version='1.0'] [/av_submenu] [av_section min_height='' min_height_pc='25' min_height_px='500px' padding='small' margin='aviaTBmargin' custom_margin='0px' custom_margin_sync='true' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' color='main_color' background='bg_color' custom_bg='#7c014d' background_gradient_direction='vertical_rev' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' attachment='' attachment_size='' attach='scroll' position='top left' repeat='no-repeat' video='' video_ratio='16:9' overlay_opacity='0.5' overlay_color='' overlay_pattern='' overlay_custom_pattern='' shadow='no-border-styling' bottom_border='no-border-styling' bottom_border_diagonal_color='#333333' bottom_border_diagonal_direction='' bottom_border_style='' custom_arrow_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_element_hidden_in_editor='0' av_uid='av-58gl5' sc_version='1.0'] [av_heading heading='Rechercher dans la Base documentaire...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-2jc9y9' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [avia_sc_search placeholder='' label_text='' icon_display='button' icon='ue803' font='entypo-fontello' post_types='custom' post_types_custom='post,basedocumentaire' numberposts='5' display='classic' ajax_location='form' ajax_container='#my_container' results_hide_titles='aviaTBresults_hide_titles' results_hide_image='aviaTBresults_hide_image' custom_input_size='' custom_button_size='' custom_height='' radius='' radius_sync='true' border_width='' border_color='' custom_border_color='' input_color='custom' custom_input_color='#000000' input_bg='custom' custom_input_bg='#ffffff' button_color='' custom_button_color='' button_bg='' custom_button_bg='' results_padding='' results_padding_sync='true' results_margin='' results_margin_sync='true' results_color='' custom_results_color='' custom_results_content='' custom_results_icon='' results_bg='' custom_results_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nq46w' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_heading heading='La Base documentaire par listes...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3oiftu' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [av_button label='Thématiques' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7860' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nh5us' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Auteurs' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7937' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3rz3j1' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Assises annuelles' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8427' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kyyd9o2g' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='La Lettre' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8535' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kz4ggjuw' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Les Cahiers' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8547' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kz4gov0p' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Les rapports d’activité' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8555' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kz4gyg6i' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [/av_section]


La gestion des ressources humaines en milieu rural : l’expérience de la coopérative SICASELI

2006



Dans cet article, les auteurs présentent l’exemple du territoire du Ségala-Limargue sur lequel les acteurs économiques – entreprises puis associations – se sont mobilisés pour mettre en place, au fil des années, une gestion progressive de gestion des ressources humaines. Au travers de l’association Mode d’Emploi, du club d’entreprises et de la création d’une CUMA, les acteurs locaux se sont regroupés, organisés et tentent désormais de renforcer la triade d’acteurs. Les auteurs détaillent ainsi leur recherche d’un mode de gouvernance local permettant de répondre aux problèmes de gestion des ressources humaines sur le territoire : déficit de main-d’œuvre et de compétences prévisible dans les années à venir.




La SICASELI propose approvisionnement et services de proximité pour les agriculteurs de 5 cantons autour de Lacapelle Marival dans le Nord Est du Lot. Depuis le début des années 90, elle est interpellée par la situation de son territoire qui présente les problématiques courantes des zones rurales : désertion des métiers de l’agriculture et de l’artisanat, augmentation du prix du foncier et arrivée de nouveaux habitants aux attentes et besoins nouveaux. La viabilité de l’activité économique sur ce territoire est remise en question par la diminution des actifs et des compétences. Forte de ce constat, la coopérative en appelle à tous les acteurs pour réfléchir et apporter des réponses collectives et intersectorielles.
[av_section min_height='' min_height_pc='25' min_height_px='500px' padding='small' margin='aviaTBmargin' custom_margin='0px' custom_margin_sync='true' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' color='main_color' background='bg_color' custom_bg='#7c014d' background_gradient_direction='vertical_rev' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' attachment='' attachment_size='' attach='scroll' position='top left' repeat='no-repeat' video='' video_ratio='16:9' overlay_opacity='0.5' overlay_color='' overlay_pattern='' overlay_custom_pattern='' shadow='no-border-styling' bottom_border='no-border-styling' bottom_border_diagonal_color='#333333' bottom_border_diagonal_direction='' bottom_border_style='' custom_arrow_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_element_hidden_in_editor='0' av_uid='av-58gl5' sc_version='1.0'] [av_masonry_entries link='thematique' wc_prod_visible='' wc_prod_hidden='hide' wc_prod_featured='' prod_order_by='' prod_order='' date_filter='' date_filter_start='' date_filter_end='' date_filter_format='yy/mm/dd' period_filter_unit_1='1' period_filter_unit_2='year' sort='no' query_orderby='rand' query_order='DESC' caption_elements='title' caption_styling='' caption_display='always' size='fixed' orientation='' image_size='masonry' gap='large' columns='4' av-medium-columns='' av-small-columns='' av-mini-columns='' items='4' paginate='none' color='' custom_bg='' overlay_fx='active' animation='active' img_scrset='' lazy_loading='disabled' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3p36ov' sc_version='1.0'] [av_one_full first min_height='' vertical_alignment='av-align-top' space='' row_boxshadow_color='' row_boxshadow_width='10' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' mobile_breaking='av-break-at-tablet' mobile_column_order='' min_col_height='' padding='' padding_sync='true' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' border='' border_style='solid' border_color='' radius='' radius_sync='true' column_boxshadow_color='' column_boxshadow_width='10' background='bg_color' background_color='' background_gradient_direction='vertical_rev' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' attachment='' attachment_size='' background_position='top left' background_repeat='no-repeat' highlight_size='1.1' animation='' link='' linktarget='' link_hover='' title_attr='' alt_attr='' mobile_display='' mobile_col_pos='0' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_uid='av-3s6uy9' sc_version='1.0'] [av_heading heading='Rechercher dans la Base documentaire...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-2jc9y9' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [avia_sc_search placeholder='' label_text='' icon_display='button' icon='ue803' font='entypo-fontello' post_types='custom' post_types_custom='basedocumentaire' numberposts='5' display='classic' ajax_location='form' ajax_container='#my_container' results_hide_titles='aviaTBresults_hide_titles' results_hide_image='aviaTBresults_hide_image' custom_input_size='' custom_button_size='' custom_height='' radius='' radius_sync='true' border_width='' border_color='' custom_border_color='' input_color='custom' custom_input_color='#000000' input_bg='custom' custom_input_bg='#ffffff' button_color='' custom_button_color='' button_bg='' custom_button_bg='' results_padding='' results_padding_sync='true' results_margin='' results_margin_sync='true' results_color='' custom_results_color='' custom_results_content='' custom_results_icon='' results_bg='' custom_results_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nq46w' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [/av_one_full][av_one_full first min_height='' vertical_alignment='av-align-top' space='' row_boxshadow='' row_boxshadow_color='' row_boxshadow_width='10' custom_margin='' margin='0px' mobile_breaking='' mobile_column_order='' min_col_height='' padding='' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_flip='' svg_div_top_invert='' svg_div_top_front='' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_top_preview='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_flip='' svg_div_bottom_invert='' svg_div_bottom_front='' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' svg_div_bottom_preview='' border='' border_style='solid' border_color='' radius='' column_boxshadow='' column_boxshadow_color='' column_boxshadow_width='10' background='bg_color' background_color='' background_gradient_direction='vertical' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' background_position='top left' background_repeat='no-repeat' highlight='' highlight_size='' animation='' link='' linktarget='' link_hover='' title_attr='' alt_attr='' mobile_display='' mobile_col_pos='0' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_uid='av-369w69' sc_version='1.0'] [av_heading heading='La Base documentaire par listes...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3oiftu' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [av_button label='Thématiques' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7860' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nh5us' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Auteurs' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7937' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='theme-color-highlight' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='white' btn_custom_font_hover='#ffffff' border='' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='' box_shadow_style='0px,0px,0px,0px' box_shadow_color='' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nhirv' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [/av_one_full][/av_section]
[av_submenu which_menu='' menu='10' position='center' color='main_color' mobile='disabled' mobile_switch='av-switch-768' alb_description='' id='' custom_class='couleurjaune' template_class='' av_uid='av-6pjrx' sc_version='1.0'] [av_submenu_item title='Menu Item 1' link='' linktarget='no' button_style='' av_uid='av-6dk29' sc_version='1.0'] [av_submenu_item title='Menu Item 2' link='' linktarget='no' button_style='' av_uid='av-5ouh9' sc_version='1.0'] [/av_submenu] [av_section min_height='' min_height_pc='25' min_height_px='500px' padding='small' margin='aviaTBmargin' custom_margin='0px' custom_margin_sync='true' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' color='main_color' background='bg_color' custom_bg='#7c014d' background_gradient_direction='vertical_rev' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' attachment='' attachment_size='' attach='scroll' position='top left' repeat='no-repeat' video='' video_ratio='16:9' overlay_opacity='0.5' overlay_color='' overlay_pattern='' overlay_custom_pattern='' shadow='no-border-styling' bottom_border='no-border-styling' bottom_border_diagonal_color='#333333' bottom_border_diagonal_direction='' bottom_border_style='' custom_arrow_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_element_hidden_in_editor='0' av_uid='av-58gl5' sc_version='1.0'] [av_heading heading='Rechercher dans la Base documentaire...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-2jc9y9' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [avia_sc_search placeholder='' label_text='' icon_display='button' icon='ue803' font='entypo-fontello' post_types='custom' post_types_custom='post,basedocumentaire' numberposts='5' display='classic' ajax_location='form' ajax_container='#my_container' results_hide_titles='aviaTBresults_hide_titles' results_hide_image='aviaTBresults_hide_image' custom_input_size='' custom_button_size='' custom_height='' radius='' radius_sync='true' border_width='' border_color='' custom_border_color='' input_color='custom' custom_input_color='#000000' input_bg='custom' custom_input_bg='#ffffff' button_color='' custom_button_color='' button_bg='' custom_button_bg='' results_padding='' results_padding_sync='true' results_margin='' results_margin_sync='true' results_color='' custom_results_color='' custom_results_content='' custom_results_icon='' results_bg='' custom_results_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nq46w' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_heading heading='La Base documentaire par listes...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3oiftu' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [av_button label='Thématiques' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7860' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nh5us' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Auteurs' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7937' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3rz3j1' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Assises annuelles' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8427' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kyyd9o2g' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='La Lettre' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8535' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kz4ggjuw' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Les Cahiers' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8547' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kz4gov0p' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Les rapports d’activité' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8555' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kz4gyg6i' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [/av_section]


L’innovation territoriale de la SICASELI

2009



Dans cet interview, l’auteur éclaire sa conception de l’innovation sur le territoire de la coopérative SICASELI, le Ségala-Limargue, et détaille sa façon de la conduire et de l’accompagner, tant sur le plan technique qu’organisationnel.




L’innovation est l’issue économique d’une idée nouvelle. Elle se distingue d’une invention par le fait que l’idée a trouvé son public dans la mesure où celui-ci s’en est emparé. L’innovation implique une certaine créativité et le risque qui lui est inhérent. Innover, c’est trouver une vraie capacité à être créatif et à travailler ensemble. Les innovations doivent être au cœur des entreprises telles que les coopératives. L’innovation, à l’heure où les entreprises et les profits s’individualisent, c’est justement de pouvoir compter sur la solidarité et la mutualisation.
[av_section min_height='' min_height_pc='25' min_height_px='500px' padding='small' margin='aviaTBmargin' custom_margin='0px' custom_margin_sync='true' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' color='main_color' background='bg_color' custom_bg='#7c014d' background_gradient_direction='vertical_rev' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' attachment='' attachment_size='' attach='scroll' position='top left' repeat='no-repeat' video='' video_ratio='16:9' overlay_opacity='0.5' overlay_color='' overlay_pattern='' overlay_custom_pattern='' shadow='no-border-styling' bottom_border='no-border-styling' bottom_border_diagonal_color='#333333' bottom_border_diagonal_direction='' bottom_border_style='' custom_arrow_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_element_hidden_in_editor='0' av_uid='av-58gl5' sc_version='1.0'] [av_masonry_entries link='thematique' wc_prod_visible='' wc_prod_hidden='hide' wc_prod_featured='' prod_order_by='' prod_order='' date_filter='' date_filter_start='' date_filter_end='' date_filter_format='yy/mm/dd' period_filter_unit_1='1' period_filter_unit_2='year' sort='no' query_orderby='rand' query_order='DESC' caption_elements='title' caption_styling='' caption_display='always' size='fixed' orientation='' image_size='masonry' gap='large' columns='4' av-medium-columns='' av-small-columns='' av-mini-columns='' items='4' paginate='none' color='' custom_bg='' overlay_fx='active' animation='active' img_scrset='' lazy_loading='disabled' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3p36ov' sc_version='1.0'] [av_one_full first min_height='' vertical_alignment='av-align-top' space='' row_boxshadow_color='' row_boxshadow_width='10' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' mobile_breaking='av-break-at-tablet' mobile_column_order='' min_col_height='' padding='' padding_sync='true' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' border='' border_style='solid' border_color='' radius='' radius_sync='true' column_boxshadow_color='' column_boxshadow_width='10' background='bg_color' background_color='' background_gradient_direction='vertical_rev' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' attachment='' attachment_size='' background_position='top left' background_repeat='no-repeat' highlight_size='1.1' animation='' link='' linktarget='' link_hover='' title_attr='' alt_attr='' mobile_display='' mobile_col_pos='0' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_uid='av-3s6uy9' sc_version='1.0'] [av_heading heading='Rechercher dans la Base documentaire...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-2jc9y9' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [avia_sc_search placeholder='' label_text='' icon_display='button' icon='ue803' font='entypo-fontello' post_types='custom' post_types_custom='basedocumentaire' numberposts='5' display='classic' ajax_location='form' ajax_container='#my_container' results_hide_titles='aviaTBresults_hide_titles' results_hide_image='aviaTBresults_hide_image' custom_input_size='' custom_button_size='' custom_height='' radius='' radius_sync='true' border_width='' border_color='' custom_border_color='' input_color='custom' custom_input_color='#000000' input_bg='custom' custom_input_bg='#ffffff' button_color='' custom_button_color='' button_bg='' custom_button_bg='' results_padding='' results_padding_sync='true' results_margin='' results_margin_sync='true' results_color='' custom_results_color='' custom_results_content='' custom_results_icon='' results_bg='' custom_results_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nq46w' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [/av_one_full][av_one_full first min_height='' vertical_alignment='av-align-top' space='' row_boxshadow='' row_boxshadow_color='' row_boxshadow_width='10' custom_margin='' margin='0px' mobile_breaking='' mobile_column_order='' min_col_height='' padding='' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_flip='' svg_div_top_invert='' svg_div_top_front='' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_top_preview='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_flip='' svg_div_bottom_invert='' svg_div_bottom_front='' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' svg_div_bottom_preview='' border='' border_style='solid' border_color='' radius='' column_boxshadow='' column_boxshadow_color='' column_boxshadow_width='10' background='bg_color' background_color='' background_gradient_direction='vertical' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' background_position='top left' background_repeat='no-repeat' highlight='' highlight_size='' animation='' link='' linktarget='' link_hover='' title_attr='' alt_attr='' mobile_display='' mobile_col_pos='0' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_uid='av-369w69' sc_version='1.0'] [av_heading heading='La Base documentaire par listes...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3oiftu' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [av_button label='Thématiques' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7860' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nh5us' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Auteurs' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7937' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='theme-color-highlight' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='white' btn_custom_font_hover='#ffffff' border='' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='' box_shadow_style='0px,0px,0px,0px' box_shadow_color='' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nhirv' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [/av_one_full][/av_section]
[av_submenu which_menu='' menu='10' position='center' color='main_color' mobile='disabled' mobile_switch='av-switch-768' alb_description='' id='' custom_class='couleurjaune' template_class='' av_uid='av-6pjrx' sc_version='1.0'] [av_submenu_item title='Menu Item 1' link='' linktarget='no' button_style='' av_uid='av-6dk29' sc_version='1.0'] [av_submenu_item title='Menu Item 2' link='' linktarget='no' button_style='' av_uid='av-5ouh9' sc_version='1.0'] [/av_submenu] [av_section min_height='' min_height_pc='25' min_height_px='500px' padding='small' margin='aviaTBmargin' custom_margin='0px' custom_margin_sync='true' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' color='main_color' background='bg_color' custom_bg='#7c014d' background_gradient_direction='vertical_rev' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' attachment='' attachment_size='' attach='scroll' position='top left' repeat='no-repeat' video='' video_ratio='16:9' overlay_opacity='0.5' overlay_color='' overlay_pattern='' overlay_custom_pattern='' shadow='no-border-styling' bottom_border='no-border-styling' bottom_border_diagonal_color='#333333' bottom_border_diagonal_direction='' bottom_border_style='' custom_arrow_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_element_hidden_in_editor='0' av_uid='av-58gl5' sc_version='1.0'] [av_heading heading='Rechercher dans la Base documentaire...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-2jc9y9' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [avia_sc_search placeholder='' label_text='' icon_display='button' icon='ue803' font='entypo-fontello' post_types='custom' post_types_custom='post,basedocumentaire' numberposts='5' display='classic' ajax_location='form' ajax_container='#my_container' results_hide_titles='aviaTBresults_hide_titles' results_hide_image='aviaTBresults_hide_image' custom_input_size='' custom_button_size='' custom_height='' radius='' radius_sync='true' border_width='' border_color='' custom_border_color='' input_color='custom' custom_input_color='#000000' input_bg='custom' custom_input_bg='#ffffff' button_color='' custom_button_color='' button_bg='' custom_button_bg='' results_padding='' results_padding_sync='true' results_margin='' results_margin_sync='true' results_color='' custom_results_color='' custom_results_content='' custom_results_icon='' results_bg='' custom_results_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nq46w' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_heading heading='La Base documentaire par listes...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3oiftu' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [av_button label='Thématiques' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7860' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nh5us' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Auteurs' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7937' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3rz3j1' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Assises annuelles' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8427' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kyyd9o2g' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='La Lettre' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8535' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kz4ggjuw' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Les Cahiers' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8547' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kz4gov0p' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Les rapports d’activité' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8555' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kz4gyg6i' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [/av_section]


L’audit patrimonial, un nouvel outil au service du développement local

1996



Dans cet article, l’auteur raconte l’histoire d’un petit terroir déshérité du Lot qui se découvre une identité positive et dont la population se reprend à croire en elle-même…




L’assemblée générale de l’Association Ségala Limargue (ASL) se déroule comme à son habitude. Une vingtaine d’élus sont présents, ainsi qu’une dizaine de « bonnes volontés ». Tout se passe bien : les activités se sont maintenues, les comptes sont équilibrés. Pourquoi donc l’ambiance est-elle si morose ?

L’ASL est une association de pays regroupant 41 communes et qui œuvre depuis déjà 12 ans pour le développement de son territoire. Elle mène des actions d’ordre économique, culturel et social. Elle a d’ailleurs le statut de centre social. Quelle longue route ! Que de batailles ! Que de dossiers (contrat de pays, charte intercommunale, etc.) ! Que de satisfactions aussi ! Alors pourquoi donc l’ambiance est-elle morose ?

[av_section min_height='' min_height_pc='25' min_height_px='500px' padding='small' margin='aviaTBmargin' custom_margin='0px' custom_margin_sync='true' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' color='main_color' background='bg_color' custom_bg='#7c014d' background_gradient_direction='vertical_rev' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' attachment='' attachment_size='' attach='scroll' position='top left' repeat='no-repeat' video='' video_ratio='16:9' overlay_opacity='0.5' overlay_color='' overlay_pattern='' overlay_custom_pattern='' shadow='no-border-styling' bottom_border='no-border-styling' bottom_border_diagonal_color='#333333' bottom_border_diagonal_direction='' bottom_border_style='' custom_arrow_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_element_hidden_in_editor='0' av_uid='av-58gl5' sc_version='1.0'] [av_masonry_entries link='thematique' wc_prod_visible='' wc_prod_hidden='hide' wc_prod_featured='' prod_order_by='' prod_order='' date_filter='' date_filter_start='' date_filter_end='' date_filter_format='yy/mm/dd' period_filter_unit_1='1' period_filter_unit_2='year' sort='no' query_orderby='rand' query_order='DESC' caption_elements='title' caption_styling='' caption_display='always' size='fixed' orientation='' image_size='masonry' gap='large' columns='4' av-medium-columns='' av-small-columns='' av-mini-columns='' items='4' paginate='none' color='' custom_bg='' overlay_fx='active' animation='active' img_scrset='' lazy_loading='disabled' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3p36ov' sc_version='1.0'] [av_one_full first min_height='' vertical_alignment='av-align-top' space='' row_boxshadow_color='' row_boxshadow_width='10' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' mobile_breaking='av-break-at-tablet' mobile_column_order='' min_col_height='' padding='' padding_sync='true' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' border='' border_style='solid' border_color='' radius='' radius_sync='true' column_boxshadow_color='' column_boxshadow_width='10' background='bg_color' background_color='' background_gradient_direction='vertical_rev' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' attachment='' attachment_size='' background_position='top left' background_repeat='no-repeat' highlight_size='1.1' animation='' link='' linktarget='' link_hover='' title_attr='' alt_attr='' mobile_display='' mobile_col_pos='0' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_uid='av-3s6uy9' sc_version='1.0'] [av_heading heading='Rechercher dans la Base documentaire...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-2jc9y9' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [avia_sc_search placeholder='' label_text='' icon_display='button' icon='ue803' font='entypo-fontello' post_types='custom' post_types_custom='basedocumentaire' numberposts='5' display='classic' ajax_location='form' ajax_container='#my_container' results_hide_titles='aviaTBresults_hide_titles' results_hide_image='aviaTBresults_hide_image' custom_input_size='' custom_button_size='' custom_height='' radius='' radius_sync='true' border_width='' border_color='' custom_border_color='' input_color='custom' custom_input_color='#000000' input_bg='custom' custom_input_bg='#ffffff' button_color='' custom_button_color='' button_bg='' custom_button_bg='' results_padding='' results_padding_sync='true' results_margin='' results_margin_sync='true' results_color='' custom_results_color='' custom_results_content='' custom_results_icon='' results_bg='' custom_results_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nq46w' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [/av_one_full][av_one_full first min_height='' vertical_alignment='av-align-top' space='' row_boxshadow='' row_boxshadow_color='' row_boxshadow_width='10' custom_margin='' margin='0px' mobile_breaking='' mobile_column_order='' min_col_height='' padding='' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_flip='' svg_div_top_invert='' svg_div_top_front='' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_top_preview='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_flip='' svg_div_bottom_invert='' svg_div_bottom_front='' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' svg_div_bottom_preview='' border='' border_style='solid' border_color='' radius='' column_boxshadow='' column_boxshadow_color='' column_boxshadow_width='10' background='bg_color' background_color='' background_gradient_direction='vertical' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' background_position='top left' background_repeat='no-repeat' highlight='' highlight_size='' animation='' link='' linktarget='' link_hover='' title_attr='' alt_attr='' mobile_display='' mobile_col_pos='0' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_uid='av-369w69' sc_version='1.0'] [av_heading heading='La Base documentaire par listes...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3oiftu' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [av_button label='Thématiques' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7860' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nh5us' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Auteurs' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7937' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='theme-color-highlight' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='white' btn_custom_font_hover='#ffffff' border='' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='' box_shadow_style='0px,0px,0px,0px' box_shadow_color='' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nhirv' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [/av_one_full][/av_section]
[av_submenu which_menu='' menu='10' position='center' color='main_color' mobile='disabled' mobile_switch='av-switch-768' alb_description='' id='' custom_class='couleurjaune' template_class='' av_uid='av-6pjrx' sc_version='1.0'] [av_submenu_item title='Menu Item 1' link='' linktarget='no' button_style='' av_uid='av-6dk29' sc_version='1.0'] [av_submenu_item title='Menu Item 2' link='' linktarget='no' button_style='' av_uid='av-5ouh9' sc_version='1.0'] [/av_submenu] [av_section min_height='' min_height_pc='25' min_height_px='500px' padding='small' margin='aviaTBmargin' custom_margin='0px' custom_margin_sync='true' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' color='main_color' background='bg_color' custom_bg='#7c014d' background_gradient_direction='vertical_rev' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' attachment='' attachment_size='' attach='scroll' position='top left' repeat='no-repeat' video='' video_ratio='16:9' overlay_opacity='0.5' overlay_color='' overlay_pattern='' overlay_custom_pattern='' shadow='no-border-styling' bottom_border='no-border-styling' bottom_border_diagonal_color='#333333' bottom_border_diagonal_direction='' bottom_border_style='' custom_arrow_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_element_hidden_in_editor='0' av_uid='av-58gl5' sc_version='1.0'] [av_heading heading='Rechercher dans la Base documentaire...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-2jc9y9' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [avia_sc_search placeholder='' label_text='' icon_display='button' icon='ue803' font='entypo-fontello' post_types='custom' post_types_custom='post,basedocumentaire' numberposts='5' display='classic' ajax_location='form' ajax_container='#my_container' results_hide_titles='aviaTBresults_hide_titles' results_hide_image='aviaTBresults_hide_image' custom_input_size='' custom_button_size='' custom_height='' radius='' radius_sync='true' border_width='' border_color='' custom_border_color='' input_color='custom' custom_input_color='#000000' input_bg='custom' custom_input_bg='#ffffff' button_color='' custom_button_color='' button_bg='' custom_button_bg='' results_padding='' results_padding_sync='true' results_margin='' results_margin_sync='true' results_color='' custom_results_color='' custom_results_content='' custom_results_icon='' results_bg='' custom_results_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nq46w' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_heading heading='La Base documentaire par listes...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3oiftu' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [av_button label='Thématiques' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7860' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nh5us' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Auteurs' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7937' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3rz3j1' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Assises annuelles' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8427' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kyyd9o2g' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='La Lettre' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8535' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kz4ggjuw' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Les Cahiers' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8547' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kz4gov0p' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Les rapports d’activité' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8555' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kz4gyg6i' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [/av_section]


Discours du Dimanche des Terres de France

1991



Dans ce discours de clôture du Dimanche des Terres de France, l’auteur expose les fondements de la vision qu’il souhaite porter à travers la promotion du développement des territoires ruraux, en particulier en créant par la suite l’association Sol et Civilisation.




Aujourd’hui toute la France rurale s’est mise en marche !

Nous avons gagné notre pari !

Artisans, commerçants, salariés, professions libérales, agriculteurs, vous avez quitté vos ateliers, vos magasins, vos fermes, vous avez répondu massivement à notre appel.

Vous êtes venus à la rencontre de la population parisienne pour lui dire que la France rurale veut vivre, que ses hommes et ses valeurs sont indispensables à l’équilibre économique et social de la France. Vous avez expliqué aux citadins que cette nature harmonieuse et accueillante dont ils ont de plus en plus besoin n’est pas un don du ciel, mais le fruit du labeur quotidien des hommes. Vous avez ébranlé les murailles du mépris et de l’indifférence qui laissent mourir nos entreprises et dépérir des zones entières de notre pays. Vous êtes venus à ce rendez-vous historique des Terres de France : grâce à vous le grain de l’espérance a pu être semé !

Le monde rural veut vivre !

[av_section min_height='' min_height_pc='25' min_height_px='500px' padding='small' margin='aviaTBmargin' custom_margin='0px' custom_margin_sync='true' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' color='main_color' background='bg_color' custom_bg='#7c014d' background_gradient_direction='vertical_rev' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' attachment='' attachment_size='' attach='scroll' position='top left' repeat='no-repeat' video='' video_ratio='16:9' overlay_opacity='0.5' overlay_color='' overlay_pattern='' overlay_custom_pattern='' shadow='no-border-styling' bottom_border='no-border-styling' bottom_border_diagonal_color='#333333' bottom_border_diagonal_direction='' bottom_border_style='' custom_arrow_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_element_hidden_in_editor='0' av_uid='av-58gl5' sc_version='1.0'] [av_masonry_entries link='thematique' wc_prod_visible='' wc_prod_hidden='hide' wc_prod_featured='' prod_order_by='' prod_order='' date_filter='' date_filter_start='' date_filter_end='' date_filter_format='yy/mm/dd' period_filter_unit_1='1' period_filter_unit_2='year' sort='no' query_orderby='rand' query_order='DESC' caption_elements='title' caption_styling='' caption_display='always' size='fixed' orientation='' image_size='masonry' gap='large' columns='4' av-medium-columns='' av-small-columns='' av-mini-columns='' items='4' paginate='none' color='' custom_bg='' overlay_fx='active' animation='active' img_scrset='' lazy_loading='disabled' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3p36ov' sc_version='1.0'] [av_one_full first min_height='' vertical_alignment='av-align-top' space='' row_boxshadow_color='' row_boxshadow_width='10' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' mobile_breaking='av-break-at-tablet' mobile_column_order='' min_col_height='' padding='' padding_sync='true' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' border='' border_style='solid' border_color='' radius='' radius_sync='true' column_boxshadow_color='' column_boxshadow_width='10' background='bg_color' background_color='' background_gradient_direction='vertical_rev' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' attachment='' attachment_size='' background_position='top left' background_repeat='no-repeat' highlight_size='1.1' animation='' link='' linktarget='' link_hover='' title_attr='' alt_attr='' mobile_display='' mobile_col_pos='0' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_uid='av-3s6uy9' sc_version='1.0'] [av_heading heading='Rechercher dans la Base documentaire...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-2jc9y9' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [avia_sc_search placeholder='' label_text='' icon_display='button' icon='ue803' font='entypo-fontello' post_types='custom' post_types_custom='basedocumentaire' numberposts='5' display='classic' ajax_location='form' ajax_container='#my_container' results_hide_titles='aviaTBresults_hide_titles' results_hide_image='aviaTBresults_hide_image' custom_input_size='' custom_button_size='' custom_height='' radius='' radius_sync='true' border_width='' border_color='' custom_border_color='' input_color='custom' custom_input_color='#000000' input_bg='custom' custom_input_bg='#ffffff' button_color='' custom_button_color='' button_bg='' custom_button_bg='' results_padding='' results_padding_sync='true' results_margin='' results_margin_sync='true' results_color='' custom_results_color='' custom_results_content='' custom_results_icon='' results_bg='' custom_results_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nq46w' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [/av_one_full][av_one_full first min_height='' vertical_alignment='av-align-top' space='' row_boxshadow='' row_boxshadow_color='' row_boxshadow_width='10' custom_margin='' margin='0px' mobile_breaking='' mobile_column_order='' min_col_height='' padding='' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_flip='' svg_div_top_invert='' svg_div_top_front='' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_top_preview='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_flip='' svg_div_bottom_invert='' svg_div_bottom_front='' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' svg_div_bottom_preview='' border='' border_style='solid' border_color='' radius='' column_boxshadow='' column_boxshadow_color='' column_boxshadow_width='10' background='bg_color' background_color='' background_gradient_direction='vertical' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' background_position='top left' background_repeat='no-repeat' highlight='' highlight_size='' animation='' link='' linktarget='' link_hover='' title_attr='' alt_attr='' mobile_display='' mobile_col_pos='0' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_uid='av-369w69' sc_version='1.0'] [av_heading heading='La Base documentaire par listes...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3oiftu' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [av_button label='Thématiques' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7860' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nh5us' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Auteurs' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7937' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='theme-color-highlight' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='white' btn_custom_font_hover='#ffffff' border='' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='' box_shadow_style='0px,0px,0px,0px' box_shadow_color='' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nhirv' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [/av_one_full][/av_section]
[av_submenu which_menu='' menu='10' position='center' color='main_color' mobile='disabled' mobile_switch='av-switch-768' alb_description='' id='' custom_class='couleurjaune' template_class='' av_uid='av-6pjrx' sc_version='1.0'] [av_submenu_item title='Menu Item 1' link='' linktarget='no' button_style='' av_uid='av-6dk29' sc_version='1.0'] [av_submenu_item title='Menu Item 2' link='' linktarget='no' button_style='' av_uid='av-5ouh9' sc_version='1.0'] [/av_submenu] [av_section min_height='' min_height_pc='25' min_height_px='500px' padding='small' margin='aviaTBmargin' custom_margin='0px' custom_margin_sync='true' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' color='main_color' background='bg_color' custom_bg='#7c014d' background_gradient_direction='vertical_rev' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' attachment='' attachment_size='' attach='scroll' position='top left' repeat='no-repeat' video='' video_ratio='16:9' overlay_opacity='0.5' overlay_color='' overlay_pattern='' overlay_custom_pattern='' shadow='no-border-styling' bottom_border='no-border-styling' bottom_border_diagonal_color='#333333' bottom_border_diagonal_direction='' bottom_border_style='' custom_arrow_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_element_hidden_in_editor='0' av_uid='av-58gl5' sc_version='1.0'] [av_heading heading='Rechercher dans la Base documentaire...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-2jc9y9' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [avia_sc_search placeholder='' label_text='' icon_display='button' icon='ue803' font='entypo-fontello' post_types='custom' post_types_custom='post,basedocumentaire' numberposts='5' display='classic' ajax_location='form' ajax_container='#my_container' results_hide_titles='aviaTBresults_hide_titles' results_hide_image='aviaTBresults_hide_image' custom_input_size='' custom_button_size='' custom_height='' radius='' radius_sync='true' border_width='' border_color='' custom_border_color='' input_color='custom' custom_input_color='#000000' input_bg='custom' custom_input_bg='#ffffff' button_color='' custom_button_color='' button_bg='' custom_button_bg='' results_padding='' results_padding_sync='true' results_margin='' results_margin_sync='true' results_color='' custom_results_color='' custom_results_content='' custom_results_icon='' results_bg='' custom_results_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nq46w' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_heading heading='La Base documentaire par listes...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3oiftu' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [av_button label='Thématiques' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7860' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nh5us' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Auteurs' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7937' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3rz3j1' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Assises annuelles' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8427' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kyyd9o2g' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='La Lettre' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8535' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kz4ggjuw' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Les Cahiers' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8547' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kz4gov0p' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Les rapports d’activité' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8555' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kz4gyg6i' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [/av_section]


Politiques territoriales et complémentarités des villes et campagnes

1998



Dans cet éditorial, l’auteur rappelle son souhait de voir les acteurs ruraux pleinement acteurs du développement rural et des complémentarités entre villes et campagnes. Une vision peu compatible avec l’approche urbaine de l’aménagement du territoire, qui guide l’évolution des politiques publiques.




Notre pays a bien du mal à retrouver le sens et les bases fondamentales d’une vraie politique d’aménagement de son territoire. Après la récente loi « Pasqua » de 1995 qui avait suscité un large débat sur tout le territoire, le nouveau gouvernement veut aussi sa loi sur « le développement durable du territoire ».

L’axe central des propos de Madame Voynet dans les premiers textes en préparation met l’urbain, la ville, au centre, comme moteur de la gestion du territoire. « C’est par la ville qu’on féconde les espaces ruraux ». Cette orientation de départ doit être revue sur le fond. Les grandes agglomérations sont en panne, les difficultés et les tensions s’y accumulent. Elles ne sont plus forcément la modernité d’hier mais plutôt le repoussoir pour beaucoup. Les grandes villes implosent sous les coups d’une surconcentration anarchique. Certains espaces ruraux souffrent d’anémie, les villes d’obésité. Combien de temps une tête qui ne cesse d’enfler peut-elle survivre à un corps atrophié ? Il faut donc corriger ce qui devient insupportable. Il faut revenir à l’essentiel, aux fondements. Comment réanimer, se réapproprier, irriguer l’ensemble du sol national ? Comment créer les conditions d’une répartition harmonieuse des hommes et des activités sur tout notre territoire ?

Une de nos chances françaises, c’est bien nos espaces, encore ouverts, entretenus et équipés par nos paysans, nos ruraux et nos élus locaux. Ils n’ont pas vocation à devenir des réserves naturelles ! Le débat véritable à ouvrir n’est pas de raisonner à partir de la ville ou de la campagne, d’opposer l’une à l’autre, mais au contraire de mettre en réseau les complémentarités, les richesses qui peuvent fleurir, dans une harmonie nouvelle du rural à la ville, de la ville à la campagne. Comment tous nos terroirs peuvent-ils se féconder, s’enrichir les uns les autres par des rapports fructueux entre ruraux et urbains ?

Pour cela l’engagement des populations locales et le respect de leur champ de responsabilité sont essentiels. Par le développement local territorial on multiplie les initiatives, on responsabilise les bonnes volontés, on dynamise la création d’activités et d’entreprises diverses. Cette démarche ascendante est essentielle ; elle doit être relayée et confortée par une volonté nationale et européenne des pouvoirs publics et des organisations nationales multiples pour favoriser et améliorer ce redéploiement sur l’ensemble du territoire. Pas de développement local durable sans volonté nationale et européenne qui organise les solidarités, donne un sens à cette prise de conscience commune entre « les gens d’en bas » et « les gens d’en haut ». C’est bien cela la démocratie : favoriser et encourager ce jeu complexe d’acteurs qui joignent leurs efforts pour permettre le bien commun général.

Ce numéro de notre lettre vous présente une expérience de terrain qui témoigne, sur un thème d’actualité, l’emploi, de la puissance créative des acteurs locaux dès lors qu’ils se retrouvent et élaborent par eux-mêmes des solutions à leurs problèmes communs.

Nos assises nationales du 24 septembre prochain, annoncées aussi par ces feuilles, permettront une confrontation sur ces thèmes. Plus que jamais la nécessité d’une mobilisation générale pour se réapproprier tout notre territoire s’impose à tous. Ne partons pas dans une mauvaise direction.

[av_section min_height='' min_height_pc='25' min_height_px='500px' padding='small' margin='aviaTBmargin' custom_margin='0px' custom_margin_sync='true' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' color='main_color' background='bg_color' custom_bg='#7c014d' background_gradient_direction='vertical_rev' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' attachment='' attachment_size='' attach='scroll' position='top left' repeat='no-repeat' video='' video_ratio='16:9' overlay_opacity='0.5' overlay_color='' overlay_pattern='' overlay_custom_pattern='' shadow='no-border-styling' bottom_border='no-border-styling' bottom_border_diagonal_color='#333333' bottom_border_diagonal_direction='' bottom_border_style='' custom_arrow_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_element_hidden_in_editor='0' av_uid='av-58gl5' sc_version='1.0'] [av_masonry_entries link='thematique' wc_prod_visible='' wc_prod_hidden='hide' wc_prod_featured='' prod_order_by='' prod_order='' date_filter='' date_filter_start='' date_filter_end='' date_filter_format='yy/mm/dd' period_filter_unit_1='1' period_filter_unit_2='year' sort='no' query_orderby='rand' query_order='DESC' caption_elements='title' caption_styling='' caption_display='always' size='fixed' orientation='' image_size='masonry' gap='large' columns='4' av-medium-columns='' av-small-columns='' av-mini-columns='' items='4' paginate='none' color='' custom_bg='' overlay_fx='active' animation='active' img_scrset='' lazy_loading='disabled' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3p36ov' sc_version='1.0'] [av_one_full first min_height='' vertical_alignment='av-align-top' space='' row_boxshadow_color='' row_boxshadow_width='10' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' mobile_breaking='av-break-at-tablet' mobile_column_order='' min_col_height='' padding='' padding_sync='true' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' border='' border_style='solid' border_color='' radius='' radius_sync='true' column_boxshadow_color='' column_boxshadow_width='10' background='bg_color' background_color='' background_gradient_direction='vertical_rev' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' attachment='' attachment_size='' background_position='top left' background_repeat='no-repeat' highlight_size='1.1' animation='' link='' linktarget='' link_hover='' title_attr='' alt_attr='' mobile_display='' mobile_col_pos='0' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_uid='av-3s6uy9' sc_version='1.0'] [av_heading heading='Rechercher dans la Base documentaire...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-2jc9y9' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [avia_sc_search placeholder='' label_text='' icon_display='button' icon='ue803' font='entypo-fontello' post_types='custom' post_types_custom='basedocumentaire' numberposts='5' display='classic' ajax_location='form' ajax_container='#my_container' results_hide_titles='aviaTBresults_hide_titles' results_hide_image='aviaTBresults_hide_image' custom_input_size='' custom_button_size='' custom_height='' radius='' radius_sync='true' border_width='' border_color='' custom_border_color='' input_color='custom' custom_input_color='#000000' input_bg='custom' custom_input_bg='#ffffff' button_color='' custom_button_color='' button_bg='' custom_button_bg='' results_padding='' results_padding_sync='true' results_margin='' results_margin_sync='true' results_color='' custom_results_color='' custom_results_content='' custom_results_icon='' results_bg='' custom_results_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nq46w' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [/av_one_full][av_one_full first min_height='' vertical_alignment='av-align-top' space='' row_boxshadow='' row_boxshadow_color='' row_boxshadow_width='10' custom_margin='' margin='0px' mobile_breaking='' mobile_column_order='' min_col_height='' padding='' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_flip='' svg_div_top_invert='' svg_div_top_front='' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_top_preview='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_flip='' svg_div_bottom_invert='' svg_div_bottom_front='' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' svg_div_bottom_preview='' border='' border_style='solid' border_color='' radius='' column_boxshadow='' column_boxshadow_color='' column_boxshadow_width='10' background='bg_color' background_color='' background_gradient_direction='vertical' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' background_position='top left' background_repeat='no-repeat' highlight='' highlight_size='' animation='' link='' linktarget='' link_hover='' title_attr='' alt_attr='' mobile_display='' mobile_col_pos='0' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_uid='av-369w69' sc_version='1.0'] [av_heading heading='La Base documentaire par listes...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3oiftu' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [av_button label='Thématiques' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7860' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nh5us' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Auteurs' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7937' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='theme-color-highlight' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='white' btn_custom_font_hover='#ffffff' border='' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='' box_shadow_style='0px,0px,0px,0px' box_shadow_color='' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nhirv' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [/av_one_full][/av_section]
[av_submenu which_menu='' menu='10' position='center' color='main_color' mobile='disabled' mobile_switch='av-switch-768' alb_description='' id='' custom_class='couleurjaune' template_class='' av_uid='av-6pjrx' sc_version='1.0'] [av_submenu_item title='Menu Item 1' link='' linktarget='no' button_style='' av_uid='av-6dk29' sc_version='1.0'] [av_submenu_item title='Menu Item 2' link='' linktarget='no' button_style='' av_uid='av-5ouh9' sc_version='1.0'] [/av_submenu] [av_section min_height='' min_height_pc='25' min_height_px='500px' padding='small' margin='aviaTBmargin' custom_margin='0px' custom_margin_sync='true' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' color='main_color' background='bg_color' custom_bg='#7c014d' background_gradient_direction='vertical_rev' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' attachment='' attachment_size='' attach='scroll' position='top left' repeat='no-repeat' video='' video_ratio='16:9' overlay_opacity='0.5' overlay_color='' overlay_pattern='' overlay_custom_pattern='' shadow='no-border-styling' bottom_border='no-border-styling' bottom_border_diagonal_color='#333333' bottom_border_diagonal_direction='' bottom_border_style='' custom_arrow_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_element_hidden_in_editor='0' av_uid='av-58gl5' sc_version='1.0'] [av_heading heading='Rechercher dans la Base documentaire...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-2jc9y9' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [avia_sc_search placeholder='' label_text='' icon_display='button' icon='ue803' font='entypo-fontello' post_types='custom' post_types_custom='post,basedocumentaire' numberposts='5' display='classic' ajax_location='form' ajax_container='#my_container' results_hide_titles='aviaTBresults_hide_titles' results_hide_image='aviaTBresults_hide_image' custom_input_size='' custom_button_size='' custom_height='' radius='' radius_sync='true' border_width='' border_color='' custom_border_color='' input_color='custom' custom_input_color='#000000' input_bg='custom' custom_input_bg='#ffffff' button_color='' custom_button_color='' button_bg='' custom_button_bg='' results_padding='' results_padding_sync='true' results_margin='' results_margin_sync='true' results_color='' custom_results_color='' custom_results_content='' custom_results_icon='' results_bg='' custom_results_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nq46w' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_heading heading='La Base documentaire par listes...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3oiftu' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [av_button label='Thématiques' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7860' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nh5us' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Auteurs' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7937' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3rz3j1' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Assises annuelles' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8427' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kyyd9o2g' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='La Lettre' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8535' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kz4ggjuw' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Les Cahiers' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8547' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kz4gov0p' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Les rapports d’activité' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8555' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kz4gyg6i' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [/av_section]


Un développement durable au service des montagnards

2001



Dans cet exposé, l’auteur détaille les fondements et origines de la création de l’Association des populations des montagnes du monde et l’intérêt de cette initiative pour alimenter les réflexions mondiales sur le développement durable et en relever les défis. Il s’agit avant tout de maintenir des hommes dans ces espaces montagnards, notamment pour préserver les équilibres naturels de ces territoires, mais aussi pour aider la société et chacun de nous à repenser son rapport à la nature, à son milieu et au monde.




Je suis impliqué avec [Pierre Rémy de l’Association nationale des élus de montagne] dans une aventure qui est en train de se développer. […] Depuis l’année 2000, où s’est tenu le forum mondial de la montagne organisé à l’initiative de l’ANEM et de la ville de Chambéry, une Association des Populations des Montagnes du Monde a été créée, dont les activités vont se développer dans les prochaines années.

L’année 2002 est l’année internationale de la montagne, et aussi l’année bilan du « développement durable » issu de la déclaration de Rio qui avait été un point fort des politiques internationales survenues dans les années 90. La montagne a été l’un des sujets de discussion de la conférence, mais les conditions de vie des populations ont été occultées.

Pourtant les montagnards ont en eux la dimension très forte de cette relation au territoire et sont donc très sensibles à toutes les questions d’aménagement du territoire qui les concernent particulièrement. Alors, pourquoi ce terme « développement durable » dans le vocabulaire des montagnards et pourquoi doivent-ils s’y confronter et se l’approprier ?

[av_section min_height='' min_height_pc='25' min_height_px='500px' padding='small' margin='aviaTBmargin' custom_margin='0px' custom_margin_sync='true' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' color='main_color' background='bg_color' custom_bg='#7c014d' background_gradient_direction='vertical_rev' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' attachment='' attachment_size='' attach='scroll' position='top left' repeat='no-repeat' video='' video_ratio='16:9' overlay_opacity='0.5' overlay_color='' overlay_pattern='' overlay_custom_pattern='' shadow='no-border-styling' bottom_border='no-border-styling' bottom_border_diagonal_color='#333333' bottom_border_diagonal_direction='' bottom_border_style='' custom_arrow_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_element_hidden_in_editor='0' av_uid='av-58gl5' sc_version='1.0'] [av_masonry_entries link='thematique' wc_prod_visible='' wc_prod_hidden='hide' wc_prod_featured='' prod_order_by='' prod_order='' date_filter='' date_filter_start='' date_filter_end='' date_filter_format='yy/mm/dd' period_filter_unit_1='1' period_filter_unit_2='year' sort='no' query_orderby='rand' query_order='DESC' caption_elements='title' caption_styling='' caption_display='always' size='fixed' orientation='' image_size='masonry' gap='large' columns='4' av-medium-columns='' av-small-columns='' av-mini-columns='' items='4' paginate='none' color='' custom_bg='' overlay_fx='active' animation='active' img_scrset='' lazy_loading='disabled' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3p36ov' sc_version='1.0'] [av_one_full first min_height='' vertical_alignment='av-align-top' space='' row_boxshadow_color='' row_boxshadow_width='10' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' mobile_breaking='av-break-at-tablet' mobile_column_order='' min_col_height='' padding='' padding_sync='true' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' border='' border_style='solid' border_color='' radius='' radius_sync='true' column_boxshadow_color='' column_boxshadow_width='10' background='bg_color' background_color='' background_gradient_direction='vertical_rev' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' attachment='' attachment_size='' background_position='top left' background_repeat='no-repeat' highlight_size='1.1' animation='' link='' linktarget='' link_hover='' title_attr='' alt_attr='' mobile_display='' mobile_col_pos='0' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_uid='av-3s6uy9' sc_version='1.0'] [av_heading heading='Rechercher dans la Base documentaire...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-2jc9y9' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [avia_sc_search placeholder='' label_text='' icon_display='button' icon='ue803' font='entypo-fontello' post_types='custom' post_types_custom='basedocumentaire' numberposts='5' display='classic' ajax_location='form' ajax_container='#my_container' results_hide_titles='aviaTBresults_hide_titles' results_hide_image='aviaTBresults_hide_image' custom_input_size='' custom_button_size='' custom_height='' radius='' radius_sync='true' border_width='' border_color='' custom_border_color='' input_color='custom' custom_input_color='#000000' input_bg='custom' custom_input_bg='#ffffff' button_color='' custom_button_color='' button_bg='' custom_button_bg='' results_padding='' results_padding_sync='true' results_margin='' results_margin_sync='true' results_color='' custom_results_color='' custom_results_content='' custom_results_icon='' results_bg='' custom_results_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nq46w' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [/av_one_full][av_one_full first min_height='' vertical_alignment='av-align-top' space='' row_boxshadow='' row_boxshadow_color='' row_boxshadow_width='10' custom_margin='' margin='0px' mobile_breaking='' mobile_column_order='' min_col_height='' padding='' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_flip='' svg_div_top_invert='' svg_div_top_front='' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_top_preview='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_flip='' svg_div_bottom_invert='' svg_div_bottom_front='' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' svg_div_bottom_preview='' border='' border_style='solid' border_color='' radius='' column_boxshadow='' column_boxshadow_color='' column_boxshadow_width='10' background='bg_color' background_color='' background_gradient_direction='vertical' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' background_position='top left' background_repeat='no-repeat' highlight='' highlight_size='' animation='' link='' linktarget='' link_hover='' title_attr='' alt_attr='' mobile_display='' mobile_col_pos='0' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_uid='av-369w69' sc_version='1.0'] [av_heading heading='La Base documentaire par listes...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3oiftu' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [av_button label='Thématiques' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7860' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nh5us' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Auteurs' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7937' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='theme-color-highlight' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='white' btn_custom_font_hover='#ffffff' border='' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='' box_shadow_style='0px,0px,0px,0px' box_shadow_color='' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nhirv' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [/av_one_full][/av_section]
[av_submenu which_menu='' menu='10' position='center' color='main_color' mobile='disabled' mobile_switch='av-switch-768' alb_description='' id='' custom_class='couleurjaune' template_class='' av_uid='av-6pjrx' sc_version='1.0'] [av_submenu_item title='Menu Item 1' link='' linktarget='no' button_style='' av_uid='av-6dk29' sc_version='1.0'] [av_submenu_item title='Menu Item 2' link='' linktarget='no' button_style='' av_uid='av-5ouh9' sc_version='1.0'] [/av_submenu] [av_section min_height='' min_height_pc='25' min_height_px='500px' padding='small' margin='aviaTBmargin' custom_margin='0px' custom_margin_sync='true' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' color='main_color' background='bg_color' custom_bg='#7c014d' background_gradient_direction='vertical_rev' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' attachment='' attachment_size='' attach='scroll' position='top left' repeat='no-repeat' video='' video_ratio='16:9' overlay_opacity='0.5' overlay_color='' overlay_pattern='' overlay_custom_pattern='' shadow='no-border-styling' bottom_border='no-border-styling' bottom_border_diagonal_color='#333333' bottom_border_diagonal_direction='' bottom_border_style='' custom_arrow_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_element_hidden_in_editor='0' av_uid='av-58gl5' sc_version='1.0'] [av_heading heading='Rechercher dans la Base documentaire...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-2jc9y9' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [avia_sc_search placeholder='' label_text='' icon_display='button' icon='ue803' font='entypo-fontello' post_types='custom' post_types_custom='post,basedocumentaire' numberposts='5' display='classic' ajax_location='form' ajax_container='#my_container' results_hide_titles='aviaTBresults_hide_titles' results_hide_image='aviaTBresults_hide_image' custom_input_size='' custom_button_size='' custom_height='' radius='' radius_sync='true' border_width='' border_color='' custom_border_color='' input_color='custom' custom_input_color='#000000' input_bg='custom' custom_input_bg='#ffffff' button_color='' custom_button_color='' button_bg='' custom_button_bg='' results_padding='' results_padding_sync='true' results_margin='' results_margin_sync='true' results_color='' custom_results_color='' custom_results_content='' custom_results_icon='' results_bg='' custom_results_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nq46w' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_heading heading='La Base documentaire par listes...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3oiftu' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [av_button label='Thématiques' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7860' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nh5us' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Auteurs' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7937' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3rz3j1' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Assises annuelles' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8427' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kyyd9o2g' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='La Lettre' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8535' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kz4ggjuw' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Les Cahiers' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8547' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kz4gov0p' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Les rapports d’activité' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8555' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kz4gyg6i' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [/av_section]


La Thiérache

2000



La Thiérache est une région naturelle, à cheval sur 3 départements : Aisne, Nord et Ardennes. Une partie se trouve en Belgique. Cette zone frontalière a connu de nombreuses guerres. C’est un pays de bocages, de forêts et de rivières. Les paysages sont très réguliers. L’identité culturelle est forte.




La Thiérache est une région naturelle, à cheval sur 3 départements : Aisne, Nord et Ardennes. Une partie se trouve en Belgique. Cette zone frontalière a connu de nombreuses guerres. C’est un pays de bocages, de forêts et de rivières. Les paysages sont très réguliers. L’identité culturelle est forte.

La Thiérache se situe au cœur de l’Europe du Nord. Mais elle est restée assez enclavée et doit faire face à des problèmes de dépérissement. Le dernier recensement montre que toutes les communes perdent de la population. Les jeunes s’en vont faute de travail. La population vieillit.

Cette région se caractérise par le fait qu’il n’y pas de ville (2600 personnes habitent Vervins, le chef lieu d’arrondissement) et qu’elle compte 5 communautés de communes dont celle de Thiérache du centre : 68 communes, 4 cantons et 29000 habitants. 38 de ces communes ont moins de 300 habitants.

[av_section min_height='' min_height_pc='25' min_height_px='500px' padding='small' margin='aviaTBmargin' custom_margin='0px' custom_margin_sync='true' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' color='main_color' background='bg_color' custom_bg='#7c014d' background_gradient_direction='vertical_rev' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' attachment='' attachment_size='' attach='scroll' position='top left' repeat='no-repeat' video='' video_ratio='16:9' overlay_opacity='0.5' overlay_color='' overlay_pattern='' overlay_custom_pattern='' shadow='no-border-styling' bottom_border='no-border-styling' bottom_border_diagonal_color='#333333' bottom_border_diagonal_direction='' bottom_border_style='' custom_arrow_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_element_hidden_in_editor='0' av_uid='av-58gl5' sc_version='1.0'] [av_masonry_entries link='thematique' wc_prod_visible='' wc_prod_hidden='hide' wc_prod_featured='' prod_order_by='' prod_order='' date_filter='' date_filter_start='' date_filter_end='' date_filter_format='yy/mm/dd' period_filter_unit_1='1' period_filter_unit_2='year' sort='no' query_orderby='rand' query_order='DESC' caption_elements='title' caption_styling='' caption_display='always' size='fixed' orientation='' image_size='masonry' gap='large' columns='4' av-medium-columns='' av-small-columns='' av-mini-columns='' items='4' paginate='none' color='' custom_bg='' overlay_fx='active' animation='active' img_scrset='' lazy_loading='disabled' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3p36ov' sc_version='1.0'] [av_one_full first min_height='' vertical_alignment='av-align-top' space='' row_boxshadow_color='' row_boxshadow_width='10' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' mobile_breaking='av-break-at-tablet' mobile_column_order='' min_col_height='' padding='' padding_sync='true' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' border='' border_style='solid' border_color='' radius='' radius_sync='true' column_boxshadow_color='' column_boxshadow_width='10' background='bg_color' background_color='' background_gradient_direction='vertical_rev' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' attachment='' attachment_size='' background_position='top left' background_repeat='no-repeat' highlight_size='1.1' animation='' link='' linktarget='' link_hover='' title_attr='' alt_attr='' mobile_display='' mobile_col_pos='0' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_uid='av-3s6uy9' sc_version='1.0'] [av_heading heading='Rechercher dans la Base documentaire...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-2jc9y9' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [avia_sc_search placeholder='' label_text='' icon_display='button' icon='ue803' font='entypo-fontello' post_types='custom' post_types_custom='basedocumentaire' numberposts='5' display='classic' ajax_location='form' ajax_container='#my_container' results_hide_titles='aviaTBresults_hide_titles' results_hide_image='aviaTBresults_hide_image' custom_input_size='' custom_button_size='' custom_height='' radius='' radius_sync='true' border_width='' border_color='' custom_border_color='' input_color='custom' custom_input_color='#000000' input_bg='custom' custom_input_bg='#ffffff' button_color='' custom_button_color='' button_bg='' custom_button_bg='' results_padding='' results_padding_sync='true' results_margin='' results_margin_sync='true' results_color='' custom_results_color='' custom_results_content='' custom_results_icon='' results_bg='' custom_results_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nq46w' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [/av_one_full][av_one_full first min_height='' vertical_alignment='av-align-top' space='' row_boxshadow='' row_boxshadow_color='' row_boxshadow_width='10' custom_margin='' margin='0px' mobile_breaking='' mobile_column_order='' min_col_height='' padding='' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_flip='' svg_div_top_invert='' svg_div_top_front='' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_top_preview='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_flip='' svg_div_bottom_invert='' svg_div_bottom_front='' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' svg_div_bottom_preview='' border='' border_style='solid' border_color='' radius='' column_boxshadow='' column_boxshadow_color='' column_boxshadow_width='10' background='bg_color' background_color='' background_gradient_direction='vertical' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' background_position='top left' background_repeat='no-repeat' highlight='' highlight_size='' animation='' link='' linktarget='' link_hover='' title_attr='' alt_attr='' mobile_display='' mobile_col_pos='0' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_uid='av-369w69' sc_version='1.0'] [av_heading heading='La Base documentaire par listes...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3oiftu' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [av_button label='Thématiques' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7860' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nh5us' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Auteurs' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7937' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='theme-color-highlight' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='white' btn_custom_font_hover='#ffffff' border='' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='' box_shadow_style='0px,0px,0px,0px' box_shadow_color='' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nhirv' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [/av_one_full][/av_section]
[av_submenu which_menu='' menu='10' position='center' color='main_color' mobile='disabled' mobile_switch='av-switch-768' alb_description='' id='' custom_class='couleurjaune' template_class='' av_uid='av-6pjrx' sc_version='1.0'] [av_submenu_item title='Menu Item 1' link='' linktarget='no' button_style='' av_uid='av-6dk29' sc_version='1.0'] [av_submenu_item title='Menu Item 2' link='' linktarget='no' button_style='' av_uid='av-5ouh9' sc_version='1.0'] [/av_submenu] [av_section min_height='' min_height_pc='25' min_height_px='500px' padding='small' margin='aviaTBmargin' custom_margin='0px' custom_margin_sync='true' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' color='main_color' background='bg_color' custom_bg='#7c014d' background_gradient_direction='vertical_rev' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' attachment='' attachment_size='' attach='scroll' position='top left' repeat='no-repeat' video='' video_ratio='16:9' overlay_opacity='0.5' overlay_color='' overlay_pattern='' overlay_custom_pattern='' shadow='no-border-styling' bottom_border='no-border-styling' bottom_border_diagonal_color='#333333' bottom_border_diagonal_direction='' bottom_border_style='' custom_arrow_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_element_hidden_in_editor='0' av_uid='av-58gl5' sc_version='1.0'] [av_heading heading='Rechercher dans la Base documentaire...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-2jc9y9' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [avia_sc_search placeholder='' label_text='' icon_display='button' icon='ue803' font='entypo-fontello' post_types='custom' post_types_custom='post,basedocumentaire' numberposts='5' display='classic' ajax_location='form' ajax_container='#my_container' results_hide_titles='aviaTBresults_hide_titles' results_hide_image='aviaTBresults_hide_image' custom_input_size='' custom_button_size='' custom_height='' radius='' radius_sync='true' border_width='' border_color='' custom_border_color='' input_color='custom' custom_input_color='#000000' input_bg='custom' custom_input_bg='#ffffff' button_color='' custom_button_color='' button_bg='' custom_button_bg='' results_padding='' results_padding_sync='true' results_margin='' results_margin_sync='true' results_color='' custom_results_color='' custom_results_content='' custom_results_icon='' results_bg='' custom_results_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nq46w' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_heading heading='La Base documentaire par listes...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3oiftu' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [av_button label='Thématiques' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7860' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nh5us' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Auteurs' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7937' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3rz3j1' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Assises annuelles' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8427' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kyyd9o2g' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='La Lettre' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8535' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kz4ggjuw' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Les Cahiers' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8547' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kz4gov0p' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Les rapports d’activité' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8555' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kz4gyg6i' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [/av_section]


De la gestion de la vallée de l’Ardèche

1996



Synthèse de l’intervention de Bruno ACH lors du colloque du 12 juin 1996 organisé par Sol et Civilisation au Puy en Velay sur le thème : « Le vivant, la qualité, les territoires : quelle stratégie pour les acteurs d’aujourd’hui ? ».


Dans cet article, l’auteur présente les premiers résultats d’une démarche initiée dans la vallée de l’Ardèche afin de mobiliser les acteurs autour des enjeux de la gestion de l’eau.




En 1995, le Syndicat Intercommunal de la Vallée de l’Ardèche était confronté à une triple crise : crise de reconnaissance des résultats obtenus (la qualité de l’eau s’était bien améliorée mais à un coût très élevé), peu ou pas de rencontres avec les administrations et les associations, absence de vision stratégique, le contrat de rivière arrivant à échéance.

Deux préoccupations nous tenaillaient : comment passer d’une gestion de la rivière à une gestion de bassin ? Comment associer à la démarche les « non-élus » concernés par la gestion de l’eau et notamment les propriétaires riverains (agriculteurs ou industriels), les usagers de la rivière (professionnels du tourisme et des loisirs d’eau vive), les diverses associations à vocation culturelle et de protection de la nature ?

[av_section min_height='' min_height_pc='25' min_height_px='500px' padding='small' margin='aviaTBmargin' custom_margin='0px' custom_margin_sync='true' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' color='main_color' background='bg_color' custom_bg='#7c014d' background_gradient_direction='vertical_rev' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' attachment='' attachment_size='' attach='scroll' position='top left' repeat='no-repeat' video='' video_ratio='16:9' overlay_opacity='0.5' overlay_color='' overlay_pattern='' overlay_custom_pattern='' shadow='no-border-styling' bottom_border='no-border-styling' bottom_border_diagonal_color='#333333' bottom_border_diagonal_direction='' bottom_border_style='' custom_arrow_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_element_hidden_in_editor='0' av_uid='av-58gl5' sc_version='1.0'] [av_masonry_entries link='thematique' wc_prod_visible='' wc_prod_hidden='hide' wc_prod_featured='' prod_order_by='' prod_order='' date_filter='' date_filter_start='' date_filter_end='' date_filter_format='yy/mm/dd' period_filter_unit_1='1' period_filter_unit_2='year' sort='no' query_orderby='rand' query_order='DESC' caption_elements='title' caption_styling='' caption_display='always' size='fixed' orientation='' image_size='masonry' gap='large' columns='4' av-medium-columns='' av-small-columns='' av-mini-columns='' items='4' paginate='none' color='' custom_bg='' overlay_fx='active' animation='active' img_scrset='' lazy_loading='disabled' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3p36ov' sc_version='1.0'] [av_one_full first min_height='' vertical_alignment='av-align-top' space='' row_boxshadow_color='' row_boxshadow_width='10' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' mobile_breaking='av-break-at-tablet' mobile_column_order='' min_col_height='' padding='' padding_sync='true' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' border='' border_style='solid' border_color='' radius='' radius_sync='true' column_boxshadow_color='' column_boxshadow_width='10' background='bg_color' background_color='' background_gradient_direction='vertical_rev' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' attachment='' attachment_size='' background_position='top left' background_repeat='no-repeat' highlight_size='1.1' animation='' link='' linktarget='' link_hover='' title_attr='' alt_attr='' mobile_display='' mobile_col_pos='0' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_uid='av-3s6uy9' sc_version='1.0'] [av_heading heading='Rechercher dans la Base documentaire...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-2jc9y9' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [avia_sc_search placeholder='' label_text='' icon_display='button' icon='ue803' font='entypo-fontello' post_types='custom' post_types_custom='basedocumentaire' numberposts='5' display='classic' ajax_location='form' ajax_container='#my_container' results_hide_titles='aviaTBresults_hide_titles' results_hide_image='aviaTBresults_hide_image' custom_input_size='' custom_button_size='' custom_height='' radius='' radius_sync='true' border_width='' border_color='' custom_border_color='' input_color='custom' custom_input_color='#000000' input_bg='custom' custom_input_bg='#ffffff' button_color='' custom_button_color='' button_bg='' custom_button_bg='' results_padding='' results_padding_sync='true' results_margin='' results_margin_sync='true' results_color='' custom_results_color='' custom_results_content='' custom_results_icon='' results_bg='' custom_results_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nq46w' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [/av_one_full][av_one_full first min_height='' vertical_alignment='av-align-top' space='' row_boxshadow='' row_boxshadow_color='' row_boxshadow_width='10' custom_margin='' margin='0px' mobile_breaking='' mobile_column_order='' min_col_height='' padding='' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_flip='' svg_div_top_invert='' svg_div_top_front='' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_top_preview='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_flip='' svg_div_bottom_invert='' svg_div_bottom_front='' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' svg_div_bottom_preview='' border='' border_style='solid' border_color='' radius='' column_boxshadow='' column_boxshadow_color='' column_boxshadow_width='10' background='bg_color' background_color='' background_gradient_direction='vertical' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' background_position='top left' background_repeat='no-repeat' highlight='' highlight_size='' animation='' link='' linktarget='' link_hover='' title_attr='' alt_attr='' mobile_display='' mobile_col_pos='0' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_uid='av-369w69' sc_version='1.0'] [av_heading heading='La Base documentaire par listes...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3oiftu' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [av_button label='Thématiques' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7860' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nh5us' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Auteurs' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7937' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='theme-color-highlight' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='white' btn_custom_font_hover='#ffffff' border='' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='' box_shadow_style='0px,0px,0px,0px' box_shadow_color='' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nhirv' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [/av_one_full][/av_section]
[av_submenu which_menu='' menu='10' position='center' color='main_color' mobile='disabled' mobile_switch='av-switch-768' alb_description='' id='' custom_class='couleurjaune' template_class='' av_uid='av-6pjrx' sc_version='1.0'] [av_submenu_item title='Menu Item 1' link='' linktarget='no' button_style='' av_uid='av-6dk29' sc_version='1.0'] [av_submenu_item title='Menu Item 2' link='' linktarget='no' button_style='' av_uid='av-5ouh9' sc_version='1.0'] [/av_submenu] [av_section min_height='' min_height_pc='25' min_height_px='500px' padding='small' margin='aviaTBmargin' custom_margin='0px' custom_margin_sync='true' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' color='main_color' background='bg_color' custom_bg='#7c014d' background_gradient_direction='vertical_rev' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' attachment='' attachment_size='' attach='scroll' position='top left' repeat='no-repeat' video='' video_ratio='16:9' overlay_opacity='0.5' overlay_color='' overlay_pattern='' overlay_custom_pattern='' shadow='no-border-styling' bottom_border='no-border-styling' bottom_border_diagonal_color='#333333' bottom_border_diagonal_direction='' bottom_border_style='' custom_arrow_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_element_hidden_in_editor='0' av_uid='av-58gl5' sc_version='1.0'] [av_heading heading='Rechercher dans la Base documentaire...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-2jc9y9' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [avia_sc_search placeholder='' label_text='' icon_display='button' icon='ue803' font='entypo-fontello' post_types='custom' post_types_custom='post,basedocumentaire' numberposts='5' display='classic' ajax_location='form' ajax_container='#my_container' results_hide_titles='aviaTBresults_hide_titles' results_hide_image='aviaTBresults_hide_image' custom_input_size='' custom_button_size='' custom_height='' radius='' radius_sync='true' border_width='' border_color='' custom_border_color='' input_color='custom' custom_input_color='#000000' input_bg='custom' custom_input_bg='#ffffff' button_color='' custom_button_color='' button_bg='' custom_button_bg='' results_padding='' results_padding_sync='true' results_margin='' results_margin_sync='true' results_color='' custom_results_color='' custom_results_content='' custom_results_icon='' results_bg='' custom_results_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nq46w' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_heading heading='La Base documentaire par listes...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3oiftu' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [av_button label='Thématiques' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7860' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nh5us' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Auteurs' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7937' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3rz3j1' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Assises annuelles' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8427' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kyyd9o2g' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='La Lettre' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8535' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kz4ggjuw' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Les Cahiers' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8547' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kz4gov0p' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Les rapports d’activité' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,8555' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-kz4gyg6i' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [/av_section]


La situation des territoires ruraux en Pologne

2004



Dans cet article, l’auteur détaille l’organisation et le fonctionnement des espaces ruraux polonais, et explore les principaux enjeux en termes de développement agricole et d’organisation territoriale. Penser le devenir de ces territoires ruraux et maintenir des territoires vivants, c’est avant tout se donner les moyens d’une politique européenne de la ruralité, et non seulement de l’agriculture…




L’espace rural polonais couvre 93% du territoire et représente 38% de la population. Il s’organise autour d’un bon maillage territorial avec 16 régions, 315 districts, 2489 communes et environ 40 000 villages. Pour des raisons largement historiques, de grands écarts existent entre les régions, notamment entre l’Ouest et l’Est de la Pologne. Les régions longeant la frontière russe sont beaucoup plus défavorisées que les régions proches de l’Allemagne. Globalement les infrastructures techniques, les organismes sociaux, l’action des services publics, les possibilités de formation sont moindres qu’en ville même s’il faut souligner qu’un grand progrès a été fait ces dernières années, notamment au niveau des infrastructures.

Il n’existe pas, en principe, de territoire fort dépeuplé. En revanche, les situations sociales sont contrastées avec notamment un taux de chômage très élevé dans les régions où les fermes d’état ont dominé dans le passé (35% à 40%).

L’agriculture joue toujours un rôle primordial, bien qu’elle ne représente que 2.9% du PIB. Sa modernisation se réalise très lentement. Au sud les très petites exploitations dominent avec une surface moyenne de 3 hectares. Ailleurs, la surface moyenne s’élève à 18 hectares, la moyenne nationale étant de 9 hectares. Seul 13% des exploitations, couvrant 42% de la SAU, produisent 73% de la production commerciale. Plus de la moitié des exploitations n’a pas de contact avec le marché. Elles ne produisent que pour leurs propres besoins, et ne seront évidemment pas viables dans l’avenir. On estime qu’en Pologne, seulement 500 à 700 milliers d’exploitations pourront être concurrentielles dans l’Europe de demain.

Le taux de chômage en Pologne est actuellement compris entre 17 et 18%. Il est encore plus élevé dans les campagnes. Quand on ajoute le chômage caché, on peut dire que 1 à 2 millions de personnes devraient quitter à l’avenir le secteur agricole. Le rendement du travail est très faible : sur 100 hectares de terre plus de 20 personnes travaillent en Pologne, contre 5 personnes dans l’Europe des 15. Le chômage représente actuellement le plus grand problème des espaces ruraux. Il est la conséquence de longues années de transformations assez brutales dans toute économie, de l’absence d’une bonne politique de développement dans les zones rurales. Le principal défi des zones rurales est donc de créer des emplois en dehors de l’agriculture.

Le manque d’infrastructure, le faible engagement des pouvoirs publics, la faiblesse des relais financiers constituent aujourd’hui les principaux handicaps pour le développement des campagnes. Elles souffrent d’une centralisation excessive des moyens financiers et des décisions. Les démarches gouvernementales favorisent surtout les niveaux nationaux et très peu les niveaux locaux. Les compétences et les possibilités financières des régions sont symboliques. Les communes sont assez endettées et sans moyen pour cofinancer les projets communautaires. Les initiatives locales des organisations rurales risquent fort d’être négligées. Les modes de gestion participative sont insuffisants. Il y a aussi un déficit de stratégies claires en faveur des zones rurales. Il n’en reste pas moins que ces territoires sont riches de potentiels.

Le mode de vie urbain n’est plus un modèle dominant pour la population. La société partage le sentiment qu’en dehors de la production alimentaire, les zones rurales jouent également d’autres rôles très importants pour l’ensemble de la Pologne : un riche patrimoine culturel, un renouveau d’identité locale. L’identité régionale, l’identité du pays, renaissent très nettement. Il ne faut pas oublier qu’après la deuxième guerre mondiale, sous le système communiste, la continuité de la formation du milieu culturel rural a été interrompue pendant 50 ans. L’expression de la société civile n’existait pas. De plus, tous les peuples polonais s’étaient déplacés de plusieurs centaines de kilomètres de l’Est vers l’Ouest. Aujourd’hui, les habitants se réapproprient de plus en plus leur petit pays.

La production agricole se rationalise de plus en plus. La productivité augmente, la production répond de mieux en mieux aux besoins du marché et sa qualité s’améliore. On peut observer cela avant tout dans la production laitière.

L’esprit entrepreneurial est assez fort et il y a un grand potentiel d’initiatives. Ces dernières années, de nombreuses organisations non gouvernementales liées au développement local ont été créées. Ces organisations présentes dans les zones rurales ont monté le « forum d’activation » des espaces ruraux. Les premiers objectifs de ce forum sont la construction du dialogue civil, l’animation des collectivités locales, la construction de partenariats, la création de politiques de développement durable, la conduite de programmes de type Leader. La fondation que je représente joue le rôle de secrétariat informel de cette initiative.

Le développement des territoires ruraux polonais est dans la dépendance d’une bonne conjoncture économique, en Pologne et en Europe. Il exige également la redéfinition du statut professionnel des agriculteurs en reconnaissant leurs nouvelles missions: aménagement du territoire, sauvegarde de l’environnement, valorisation du patrimoine tant culturel que naturel. Enfin, il devra s’appuyer sur des programmes de développement innovants, participatifs, avec notamment une approche territoriale ascendante, décentralisée et intégrée.

Par ailleurs, la politique rurale européenne ne devra pas être seulement un supplément à la politique agricole. Il ne s’agit pas de minimiser le rôle de l’agriculture, mais de cesser de voir le développement rural uniquement à travers l’agriculture. Cette politique pourrait être réalisée dans le cadre d’une politique agricole rurale commune, mais elle devrait peut-être constituer une composante à part et être financée à travers une source budgétaire spéciale. Il serait peut-être utile de proposer de nouveaux instruments qui soient adaptés aux besoins et aux attentes du milieu rural. De plus, il faudrait renforcer la décentralisation en s’appuyant sur le principe de subsidiarité et en favorisant les démarches participatives, puis simplifier les procédures administratives.

Sauvegarder la culture et les traditions, vivre dans des conditions comparables à celles des agriculteurs français, trouver une place respectable dans la société, voilà le véritable but du monde rural polonais. Je me souviens du titre des deuxièmes Assises de Sol et Civilisation : « Terre des hommes, terre vivante », c’est cela l’avenir des campagnes polonaises. Allons-nous réussir ? Je reste optimiste car, malgré toutes les difficultés, je crois que l’intégration européenne est pour le monde rural polonais une chance historique. Et je reste optimiste en plus car on trouve aujourd’hui en Pologne plus de visages souriants dans la rue qu’il y a quelques années.

Relevé de l’exposé oral revu par l’auteur

[av_section min_height='' min_height_pc='25' min_height_px='500px' padding='small' margin='aviaTBmargin' custom_margin='0px' custom_margin_sync='true' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' color='main_color' background='bg_color' custom_bg='#7c014d' background_gradient_direction='vertical_rev' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' attachment='' attachment_size='' attach='scroll' position='top left' repeat='no-repeat' video='' video_ratio='16:9' overlay_opacity='0.5' overlay_color='' overlay_pattern='' overlay_custom_pattern='' shadow='no-border-styling' bottom_border='no-border-styling' bottom_border_diagonal_color='#333333' bottom_border_diagonal_direction='' bottom_border_style='' custom_arrow_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_element_hidden_in_editor='0' av_uid='av-58gl5' sc_version='1.0'] [av_masonry_entries link='thematique' wc_prod_visible='' wc_prod_hidden='hide' wc_prod_featured='' prod_order_by='' prod_order='' date_filter='' date_filter_start='' date_filter_end='' date_filter_format='yy/mm/dd' period_filter_unit_1='1' period_filter_unit_2='year' sort='no' query_orderby='rand' query_order='DESC' caption_elements='title' caption_styling='' caption_display='always' size='fixed' orientation='' image_size='masonry' gap='large' columns='4' av-medium-columns='' av-small-columns='' av-mini-columns='' items='4' paginate='none' color='' custom_bg='' overlay_fx='active' animation='active' img_scrset='' lazy_loading='disabled' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3p36ov' sc_version='1.0'] [av_one_full first min_height='' vertical_alignment='av-align-top' space='' row_boxshadow_color='' row_boxshadow_width='10' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' mobile_breaking='av-break-at-tablet' mobile_column_order='' min_col_height='' padding='' padding_sync='true' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' border='' border_style='solid' border_color='' radius='' radius_sync='true' column_boxshadow_color='' column_boxshadow_width='10' background='bg_color' background_color='' background_gradient_direction='vertical_rev' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' attachment='' attachment_size='' background_position='top left' background_repeat='no-repeat' highlight_size='1.1' animation='' link='' linktarget='' link_hover='' title_attr='' alt_attr='' mobile_display='' mobile_col_pos='0' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_uid='av-3s6uy9' sc_version='1.0'] [av_heading heading='Rechercher dans la Base documentaire...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-2jc9y9' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [avia_sc_search placeholder='' label_text='' icon_display='button' icon='ue803' font='entypo-fontello' post_types='custom' post_types_custom='basedocumentaire' numberposts='5' display='classic' ajax_location='form' ajax_container='#my_container' results_hide_titles='aviaTBresults_hide_titles' results_hide_image='aviaTBresults_hide_image' custom_input_size='' custom_button_size='' custom_height='' radius='' radius_sync='true' border_width='' border_color='' custom_border_color='' input_color='custom' custom_input_color='#000000' input_bg='custom' custom_input_bg='#ffffff' button_color='' custom_button_color='' button_bg='' custom_button_bg='' results_padding='' results_padding_sync='true' results_margin='' results_margin_sync='true' results_color='' custom_results_color='' custom_results_content='' custom_results_icon='' results_bg='' custom_results_bg='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nq46w' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [/av_one_full][av_one_full first min_height='' vertical_alignment='av-align-top' space='' row_boxshadow='' row_boxshadow_color='' row_boxshadow_width='10' custom_margin='' margin='0px' mobile_breaking='' mobile_column_order='' min_col_height='' padding='' svg_div_top='' svg_div_top_color='#333333' svg_div_top_width='100' svg_div_top_height='50' svg_div_top_max_height='none' svg_div_top_flip='' svg_div_top_invert='' svg_div_top_front='' svg_div_top_opacity='' svg_div_top_preview='' svg_div_bottom='' svg_div_bottom_color='#333333' svg_div_bottom_width='100' svg_div_bottom_height='50' svg_div_bottom_max_height='none' svg_div_bottom_flip='' svg_div_bottom_invert='' svg_div_bottom_front='' svg_div_bottom_opacity='' svg_div_bottom_preview='' border='' border_style='solid' border_color='' radius='' column_boxshadow='' column_boxshadow_color='' column_boxshadow_width='10' background='bg_color' background_color='' background_gradient_direction='vertical' background_gradient_color1='#000000' background_gradient_color2='#ffffff' background_gradient_color3='' src='' background_position='top left' background_repeat='no-repeat' highlight='' highlight_size='' animation='' link='' linktarget='' link_hover='' title_attr='' alt_attr='' mobile_display='' mobile_col_pos='0' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' aria_label='' av_uid='av-369w69' sc_version='1.0'] [av_heading heading='La Base documentaire par listes...' tag='h3' style='blockquote modern-quote' subheading_active='' show_icon='' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' size='' av-medium-font-size-title='' av-small-font-size-title='' av-mini-font-size-title='' subheading_size='15' av-medium-font-size='' av-small-font-size='' av-mini-font-size='' icon_size='' av-medium-font-size-1='' av-small-font-size-1='' av-mini-font-size-1='' color='custom-color-heading' custom_font='#ffffff' subheading_color='' seperator_color='' icon_color='' margin='0px' margin_sync='true' padding='10' icon_padding='10' headline_padding='' headline_padding_sync='true' link='' link_target='' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3oiftu' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''][/av_heading] [av_button label='Thématiques' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7860' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='color_options_advanced' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='white' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='custom' btn_custom_font_hover='#000000' border='none' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='30' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='outside' box_shadow_style='0px,5px,5px,0px' box_shadow_color='rgba(0,0,0,0.12)' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nh5us' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [av_button label='Auteurs' icon_select='no' icon='ue800' font='entypo-fontello' link='page,7937' link_target='' size='small' position='left' label_display='' title_attr='' color_options='' color='theme-color' custom_bg='#444444' custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_bg='theme-color' btn_custom_grad_direction='vertical_rev' btn_custom_grad_1='#000000' btn_custom_grad_2='#ffffff' btn_custom_grad_3='' btn_custom_grad_opacity='0.7' btn_custom_bg='#444444' btn_color_bg_hover='theme-color-highlight' btn_custom_bg_hover='#444444' btn_color_font='theme-color' btn_custom_font='#ffffff' btn_color_font_hover='white' btn_custom_font_hover='#ffffff' border='' border_width='' border_width_sync='true' border_color='' border_radius='' border_radius_sync='true' box_shadow='' box_shadow_style='0px,0px,0px,0px' box_shadow_color='' hover_opacity='' sonar_effect_effect='' sonar_effect_color='' sonar_effect_duration='1' sonar_effect_scale='' sonar_effect_opac='0.5' id='' custom_class='' template_class='' av_uid='av-ky3nhirv' sc_version='1.0' admin_preview_bg=''] [/av_one_full][/av_section]